Lesson: African Americans, the Homefront, and Women during World War II

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Lesson Objective

By the end of the lesson, SWBAT explain the changing role of women, African Americans, and the media during World War II. By the end of the lesson, SWBAT explain how the Great Depression ended.

Lesson Plan

 

KEY POINTS.

·       World War II ended the Great Depression because the factories were busy again making things for the war.

·       Women worked in sweatshops and factories to support themselves and their children.

·       The Tuskegee Airmen were African American pilots who fought with the 332nd Fighter Group of the U.S. Army Air Corps.

·       The Tuskegee Airmen were the first African Americans pilots in the U.S. military.

·       Essential Questions: How did times change on the home front during World War II?

·       Vocabulary: Tuskegee Airmen, Rosie the Riveter, Rationing, Scarcity, Internment Camp

ASSESSMENT.

At the end of the lesson, Ss will have completed a narrative based on the Tuskegee Airmen during World War II. T will use the information in the narratives to asses whether or not the Ss understand the key points of the lesson.

1. OPENING (5 min.) 

Teacher:

·       T will begin the lesson with the following starter: “How did the home-front help the soldiers that were fighting in World War I?”

·       T will throw a bean bag around the room to get some responses

·       T will have the Ss share their responses with the class.

·       T will explain that today we are going talk about the changes in culture that happened during World War II.

·       T will ask the Ss if they had any questions from last class.

·       T will review the objectives for the day.

Students:

·       Ss will share their starter.

·       Ss will internalize the objective for the day.

2. INTRODUCTION OF NEW MATERIAL (25 min.)

Teacher:

·  T will begin the lesson by going through a short Power Point on U.S. culture during WWII, and how it was forced to change because of the times (PowerPoint – Lesson 12 – Africans Americans, the Homefront and Women during World War II – Great Depression and World War II Unit)

· T will mention the following key points:

· World War II ended the Great Depression because the factories were busy again making things for the war.

·Women worked in sweatshops and factories to support themselves and their children.

·The Tuskegee Airmen were African American pilots who fought with the 332nd Fighter Group of the U.S. Army Air Corps.

·They were the first African Americans pilots in the U.S. military.

·   T will circulate around the room to ensure that Ss are taking notes on the provided graphic organizer (Graphic Organizer – Lesson 12 – Africans Americans, the Homefront and Women during World War II – Great Depression and World War II Unit).

·    T will use higher level questioning to ensure interesting, engaging, and a meaningful conversation.

Students:

·       Ss will pay attention to the Power Point

·       Ss will take guided notes

·       Ss will ask and answer meaningful questions.

3. GUIDED PRACTICE (20 min.)

Teacher:

·       T will then show the students a brief film clip about the Tuskegee Airmen (Tuskegee Airmen Film I/II– Lesson 12 – Africans Americans, the Homefront and Women during World War II – Great Depression and World War II Unit).

·       T will tell the Ss that they are going to read the start of a narrative about a Tuskegee Airmen. (Tuskegee Airmen Narrative Activity– Lesson 12 – Africans Americans, the Homefront and Women during World War II – Great Depression and World War II Unit)

·       T will tell the Ss to pay particular attention to the thoughts, tone, and style of the writing. What problems were the protagonists facing? What thoughts were going through the minds of these individuals?

·       T will have the Ss work in small groups – highlighting sections they think are particularly interesting.

·       T will have the Ss share out with the class what they thought were really interesting parts – T will have them explain why they thought these parts were interesting.

·       If the Ss are eager to learn more about Benjamin Davis, the Tuskegee Airmen in the narrative, the Wikipedia article on him provides a good overview of his career.

Students:

·       Ss will partner read the two narratives.

·       Ss will ask questions about confusing portions of the narratives.

·       Ss will share out their favorite parts of the stories.

4. INDEPENDENT PRACTICE (30 min.)

Teacher:

·       T will introduce the assignment – T will have the Ss continue the narrative that was started about the Tuskegee Airmen named Benjamin Davis (Tuskegee Airmen Narrative Activity – Lesson 12 – Africans Americans, the Homefront and Women during World War II – Great Depression and World War II Unit).

·       T will remind the Ss of the awesome images that’s in the start of the story.

·       T will tell the Ss to use figurative language, think about their audience and really delve into what the minds of your characters.

·       T will monitor the room while the Ss write.

·       T will work with lower level Ss to help them pre-write and develop ideas.

·       When completed, T will have the higher level kids read the work of the lower level kids to give them suggestions on what to do and add.

Students:

·       Ss will write their narratives

·       Ss will work quietly

·       Ss will help each other when needed.

5. CLOSING (5 min.)

Teacher:

·       T will have the Ss share a couple of their stories.

·       T will review the key points.

·       T will tell the Ss that next class we will be taking an exam.

·       T will remind the Ss of their leaders of World War II project and that they will have a test next class period. 

·       T will ask the Ss if they have any final questions.

·       T will also remind them that they have a test next class period

 Student:

·       Students will answer questions.

·       Students will ask any last minute questions.

·       Students will pay attention to topic of next lesson.

HOMEWORK (if appropriate).

Project on the leaders of World War II

Study for World War II Exam I

Teacher's Reflection: When I created this lesson, I knew I was combing a lot of different material into one lesson. However, I wanted to do that, because all of these topics have to do with major cultural changes of the time period; whether that be women taking an active role in the work place, African Americans in the military, or different and new propaganda techniques employed by the government. The students seemed to be able to make these connections and did well understanding the information being presented in the lesson. 

Lesson Resources

Tuskegee Airmen Narrative Activity Lesson 12 Africans Americans the Homefront and Women during World War II Great Depression and  
1,410
Tuskegee Airmen Film II Lesson 12 Africans Americans the Homefront and Women during World War II Great Depression and World War   
1,193
Tuskegee Airmen Film I Lesson 12 Africans Americans the Homefront and Women during World War II Great Depression and World War I   Other
1,090
Lesson Plan - Lesson 12 - Africans Americans the Homefront and Women during World War II -Great Depression and World War II Unit   Lesson Plan
1,034
Key Note - Lesson 12 - Africans Americans the Homefront and Women during World War II - Great Depression and World War II Unit   Smart Board
451
Graphic Organizer Lesson 12 African Americans the Homefront and Women during World War II Great Depression and World War II Unit   Notes
1,393
Benjamin O. Davis Wikipedia Article
6016
Lesson 12-Africans Americans, the Homefront and Women during World War II – Great Depression and World War II Unit II.pptx   Smart Board
1,542

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