Lesson: Personification

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Lesson Objective

Students will be able to define and identify examples of personification.

Lesson Plan

Connection (3-5 mins):  Students should be seated on the carpet with a partner.  They will be expected to turn and talk to this partner throughout the lesson.  Readers we have learned many different types of figurative language including, metaphors and similes.  Today we will learn about personification.

Teach/Active Engagement (10-12 mins): Personification is giving a human quality to an inanimate object.  Any type of emotion, gesture, thought, or action that a person would make can be applied to any non-human object using personification words.  Authors use this strategy to help readers better understand what an inanimate object is doing or feeling.  We as people have a deeper understanding of human thoughts and actions and therefore can connect with inanimate objects when personification is used. 

Let’s look at some examples of personification together.  Teacher uncovers a chart with different examples of personification listed below.

1.    The flowers begged for water.
2.    The stars winked at me.
3.    Lightening danced across the sky.
4.    The camera loved her.
5.    The wind whispered softly in the night.

Teacher reads aloud first example.  In this example the object that is being personified are the flowers.  Flowers cannot talk so it’s not possible for flowers to beg for water.  However, humans can beg for things such as water.  In this example the author uses personification to show how much the flowers needed water by using a common human action.

Let’s try another example.  Teacher reads aloud the second example.  Turn and tell your partner that object that is being personified in this sentence.  Students should turn and talk, teacher calls on students to share out responses.  You were all correct.  The stars cannot actually wink, but this probably means they are twinkling in the sky.  By giving the stars the human action of winking, the author created a better visual in my head.

Teacher reads aloud third example.  Turn and discuss with your partner this example of personification.  What is the author trying to explain to us?  Students should turn and talk and teacher has students share out responses.

Teacher reads aloud fourth and fifth examples and repeats the same process with students to ensure all partnerships have a chance to discuss the examples of personification.

Independent Reading (15-20 mins):  Students should return to their seats to read independently.  While reading through their poetry packets students should underline any examples of personification they notice.  These examples will later be shared at the end of the lesson.

Exit Slip/Share (5-10 mins): Students may share out examples of personification they noticed while reading.  They should then complete the exit slip for this lesson that requires students to underline examples of personification.

Reflection: This lesson is fun and engaging for students.  An easy way to differentiate the lesson is to read aloud the exit slip or allow students to partner read the examples.

Lesson Resources

Personification Assessment    Assessment


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