Lesson: 2: Metaphors

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Lesson Objective

Students will be able to identify and describe metaphors.

Lesson Plan

(I)          will explain the meaning of metaphors (figurative language that compares two unlike objects but does not use the words “like”, “than”, or “as”). Metaphors compare two things by stating that one “is” the other. For example, “My sister is a bear in the morning” compares the sister to a bear by saying she has qualities of a bear. I will give examples of metaphors and identify the objects being compared and their meaning. Examples: “The snow is a blanket.” “The bread is a rock.” “The river is a desert.” I will read the passage “The Surprise Party II” (included in the unit) aloud. I will identify the metaphors in the passage and explain their meaning. For example, in the first sentence the author says Grace is “a loud mouth.” She does not use the words “as” or “like” but she is comparing Grace to a loud mouth. We know Grace is a person, not a mouth. The author must be trying to tell us that Grace talks too much and has a hard time keeping secrets.
(We)       will reread If You Hopped Like a Frog, identifying the metaphors in the book. Note - There are two metaphors in the book. Challenge students to identify them as you reread the text aloud. The metaphors are “If you had the brain of a brachiosaurus” and “If you had eagle eyes.” 

(You)      will identify metaphors in the passage, what they compare and their meaning. (Independent practice is provided.)

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Lesson Resources

"The Surprise Party II"   Reading Passage
Direct Teaching Passage Answer Key  
Direct Teaching & Guided Practice Example Chart  
Student Independent Practice Worksheet   Classwork


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