Lesson: Author's Purpose

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Lesson Objective

Nonfiction readers think about the author’s purpose before and after reading (inform, entertain, persuade) SWBAT identify and support the author’s purpose of a section or paragraph in their ‘just-Right’ NF text

Lesson Plan

 

TP:

Nonfiction readers think about the author's purpose before and after reading (inform, entertain, persuade)

 

SWBAT identify and support the author's purpose of a section or paragraph in their 'just-Right' NF text 

 

Connect:

Readers, we've been learning out non-fiction text and ways that we as readers can be thinking about a text as we read. Today I'm going to teach you a strategy that you can use to prepare you as a reader to be on the lookout for facts and opinions.

 

Teach:

Today I'm going to teach you that non-fiction readers think about the author's purpose before and after reading.

 

This is important because knowing why an author wrote something will tell you whether the text might be telling you lots of facts, opinions, or perhaps just making you laugh.

 

There are three main reasons why authors write.

Inform- give someone information about something

Ex. Newspapers, charts, instructions, recipes

Persuade- try to get someone to think/feel the same was you do

Ex. Ads, posters, editorials (opinions) in newspapers

Entertain- to amuse someone

Ex. Comic strips

 

Watch me as I identify the author's purpose of a type of text. (Pull out one an example card)

 

Hmm...a chocolate chip recipe. Is this recipe trying to give me information about something, trying to get me to think a certain way, or just trying to get me to laugh? Well, this recipe is going to help me know how to make the cookies correctly. It's telling me information- informing me.

 

Active Engagement:

Now it's your turn! (Hand out 3 index cards to each student/pair with P, I, and E printed on it) I'm going to hold up a card telling us about a piece of writing. Think about whether this text is informing us, persuading us, or entertaining us. Then, hold up your P, I, or E card to correspond with your answer.

 

Possible Cards:

Inform: a news article on a recent law, a map of Asia,

Instructions on how to put together a toy

Entertain: comic strip, Wimpy Kid book,

Persuade: editorial on why kids need longer school days, article on why war is bad, ad for a sale at Target

 

Link:

Today and everyday when you are reading, remember you can determine the author's purpose by asking if the text is giving you information, trying to get you to think a certain way, or making you laugh.

 

Today you will read a 'just-right' text and determine the author's purpose for writing the text. (Inform, Entertain, Persuade)

 

Independent Work:

Reading A-Z Texts based on Fountas and Pinnell Reading Level:

Level D: Does it Sink or Float

Level G: Healthy Mo

Level M: Endangered Birds

 

SWBAT identify the author's purpose of his/her text on a post it "This informs/persuades/entertains me by...

 

Share:

The author wrote this article in order to....

 

 

What went well? The kids loved the active engagement, and we even continued practicing as a Morning Meeting activity the next day. During independent reading, a few kids even had the insight that there may be more than one distinct author's purpose. For example, a text which informs us can also be funny and entertain a reader.

 

What would you change?  I think getting them to practice more in authentic text would be helpful. The active engagement uses types of texts, and often students read a whole text without categorizing it or connecting it to a specific type of writing.

 

What needs explaining? The cards for the active engagement take a bit of time to prepare, so that is something to keep in mind. If you didn't want to give each kid the PIE cards, you could create hand signals for Persuade, Inform and Explain instead, or have kids stand beside a lettered sign somewhere in the room while you called out the text type. 

Lesson Resources

Author s Purpose Day 1   Other
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Reading A-Z
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Author s Purpose Lesson 1   Lesson Plan
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