Lesson: Determining Author's Purpose

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Lesson Objective

Students will be able to determine an author's purpose when given different examples of texts.

Lesson Plan

Connection (3-5 mins): Students should be seated on the carpet with a partner.  They will be expected to turn and talk to that partner throughout the lesson.  Teacher should have a piece of chart paper on hand to chart student responses throughout the lesson.  Yesterday, we learned the third and final purpose author’s write.  We learned that author’s write to entertain their readers.  Now that we have learned all three purposes, today we will distinguish between those three types by looking at examples of all types.

Teach/Active Engagement (10-12 mins): Today we will review all three author’s purposes.  The first purpose we learned about was to persuade.  Turn and tell your partner an example of a persuasive text.  Students share out responses and teacher charts those responses.  You had such great answers! I will add commercials, advertisements, and persuasive articles to our list of texts that can be used to persuade.

Let’s review the second purpose, to inform.  Turn and tell your partner some examples of texts that are used to inform.  Students share out responses and teacher adds to classroom chart.  Some reasonable answers would include, encyclopedia, textbooks, and informational texts.

Great job readers! Can someone remind me the third purpose?  Students should response with to entertain.  Turn and tell your partner some examples of texts that are used to entertain.  Students share responses and teacher charts those responses.  Responses should include fiction stories, comic strips, or fairy tales. 

I think you are all ready to show what you know.  When you return to your seats, you will have to determine the author’s purpose of six different paragraphs.  Use everything you know and make sure you can explain how you chose your answer.

Independent Reading (15-20 mins):  Students return to their seats to complete the final assessment for author’s purpose.  If students complete this activity before the end of workshop time they should write a sentence for each paragraph explaining why they chose that purpose.

Exit Slip/Share (3-5 mins): Teacher should collect the worksheets at the end of workshop time. This is the final assessment for the author's purpose segment of this unit.  I use this exit slip as a final grade for this portion of the unit.

Reflection: I like the idea of differentiating this lesson and requiring students to write how they decided on an author's purpose.  I find that many students have difficulty explaining their reasoning and this extra assignment forces them to rethink their answers.  If I taught this lesson again I would require all students to complete this part of the lesson and not just as an extension activity for early finishers.

Lesson Resources

Author's Purpose Worksheet   Assessment


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