Lesson: Conditions during the Great Depression

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Lesson Objective

By the end of the lesson, SWBAT describe what America was like during the Great Depression.

Lesson Plan

 

KEY POINTS.

·       The effects of the stock market crash were horrible - people lost a lot of their money and jobs.

·       Unemployment rate, or the number of people that did not have jobs was up a lot because of the stock market crash.

·       This started the Great Depression, a time when people couldn’t find work and many businesses such as factories closed

·       A lot of people were in debt because they owed more money than they had.

·       Because people were in debt because they did not have a job, many people lost their homes and were forced to live in shanties, or shacks, out of cardboard boxes. They called these shantytowns Hoovervilles.

·       Because there were a lot of people suffering, charities donated meals to feed the hungry people.

·       Charities opened up soup kitchens were poor people could go and get food.

·       Essential Question: How did the Great Depression affect Americans? 

·       Vocabulary: unemployment, depression, debt, charity, soup kitchen 

 

ASSESSMENT.

 

At the end of the lesson, T will assess the Ss analysis of the depression photographs and letters that they wrote.

CONNECTION TO THE GEORGIA PERFORMANCE STANDARD

 

SS5H5 The student will explain how the Great Depression and New Deal affected the lives of millions of Americans.

a. Discuss the Stock Market Crash of 1929, Herbert Hoover, Franklin Roosevelt, the Dust Bowl, and soup kitchens. 

 

SS5E2 The student will describe the functions of the three major institutions in the U. S. economy in each era of United States history.

b. Describe the bank function in providing checking accounts, savings accounts, and loans.

c. Describe the government function in taxation and providing certain goods and services.

SS5E3 The student will describe how consumers and businesses interact in the

United States economy across time.

a. Describe how competition, markets, and prices influence people’s behavior.

 

1. OPENING (5 min.)

Teacher:

·       T will begin the lesson with the following starter: “In the banking game from the previous lesson, what happened when people rushed the bank to get their money?”

·       T will have the Ss write down their answers on a separate sheet of paper.

·       T will have the Ss then share their responses with their neighbors.

·       T will then have the Ss share out their responses with the class.

·       T will explain that today we are going to learn about what happened in America when the banks lost all of their money and America entered a time of Great Depression.

·       T will go over the objective and vocabulary with the Ss.

Student

·       Ss will think, pair, share their starter.

·       Ss will internalize the objective for the day.

2. INTRODUCTION OF NEW MATERIAL (25 min.)

Teacher:

·       T will begin the lesson by presenting a short PowerPoint on the Great Depression and the effect on people throughout America (Technology) (PowerPoint/Key Note - Lesson 2 - Conditions of the Great Depression - Great Depression and World War II Unit)

·       T will stress the following key points:

·       The effects of the stock market crash were horrible - people lost a lot of their money and jobs.

·       Unemployment rate, or the number of people that did not have jobs was up a lot because of the stock market crash.

·       This started the Great Depression, a time when people couldn’t find work and many businesses such as factories closed.

·       A lot of people were in debt because they owed more money than they had.

·       People were in debt because they did not have a job, many people lost their homes and were forced to live in shanties, or shacks, out of cardboard boxes. They called these shantytowns Hoovervilles.

·       Because there were a lot of people suffering, charities donated meals to feed the hungry people.

·       Charities opened up soup kitchens where poor people could go and get food.

·       T will make sure to stop frequently to ask the Ss high thinking questions such as “Why couldn’t people find jobs, or businesses hire people to do work?”

·       T will also have the Ss write down the key points on the graphic organizer – keeping them engaged and invested in the lesson (Graphic Organizer - Lesson 2 - Conditions of the Great Depression - Great Depression and World War II Unit)

Students:

·       Ss will listen to the Power Point.

·       Ss will write down information on their graphic organizer.

3. GUIDED PRACTICE (15 min.)

Teacher:

·       T will then have the Ss flip through the packets and preview the photographs that are from the Great Depression (Great Depression Writing Activity - Lesson 2 - Conditions of the Great Depression - Great Depression and World War II Unit)

·       T will have the Ss quietly write down a list of feelings that the photographs make them feel.

·       T will also have the Ss think about the setting and conditions in the photographs.

·       T will have the Ss share out their feelings.

·       T will have the Ss make hypothesis on why the conditions were so horrible.

Students:

·       Ss will analyze the photographs.

·       Ss will jot down notes.

·       Ss will share out their feelings that develop while looking at the photographs.

4. INDEPENDENT PRACTICE (40 min.)

Teacher:

·       T will ask the Ss to independently take some of the thoughts they jotted down, and the thoughts of fellow classmates and take a second look at the photographs.

·       T will ask the Ss to answer the questions that are alongside the photographs.

·       T will then have the Ss complete the writing activity at the bottom of the graphic organizer which asks them to: “Imagine you are the woman in the picture below, during the Great Depression.  Write a letter as if you are this woman.  Write it to a family member and discuss all of the problems we have talked about today.  Share personal stories in this letter.  DO NOT just mention the problem (for example, do not just say “there is hunger”—talk about your struggles to find food—where do you get it? How does that make you feel?  How much do you get to eat?).   Your letter should be about 2 pages handwritten.” (Great Depression Writing Activity - Lesson 2 - Conditions of the Great Depression - Great Depression and World War II Unit)

·       T will work with the lower level Ss to create a group letter (remedial).

·       T will have the early finishers read and edit each other’s work (early finisher)

·       T will have other Ss go on the computer and research Great Deperssion photography and jot down reasons why they think the images are so powerful (enrichment).

Students:

·       Ss will complete their graphic organizer and write the letter.

·       Ss will work on their early finisher and enrichment projects.

5. CLOSING (5 min.)

Teacher:

·       As a closing T will have the a couple Ss give analysis of the photographs alongside a couple Ss who will be read a section of their letter.

·       T will then have the Ss review the key points from the day.

·       T will preview the next lesson by telling the Ss that the depression in the city was horrible, but the depression in the country was even worse because it was coupled with a drought (or lack of rain).

·       T will have the Ss that did not finish with their letters do them as homework.

 Student:

·       Students will answer questions.

·       Students will ask any last minute questions.

·       Students will pay attention to topic of next lesson.

 

HOMEWORK (if appropriate).

Great Depression Letters

Teacher's Reflection: I found that during the lesson, it was really helpful for the students to imagine themselves in the shoes of a person living in the Great Depression. I particularly emphasized this when they were doing their writing activity. In terms of the letter, I found it really beneficial brainstorm as a class before they did their individual letters. 

Lesson Resources

Great Depression Writing Activity (Mac) - Lesson 2 - Conditions during Great Depression - Great Depression and World War II Unit   Activity
3,978
Graphic Organizer - Lesson 2 - Conditions during the Great Depression - Great Depression and World War II Unit   Notes
4,514
PowerPoint - Lesson 2 - Conditions during the Great Depression - Great Depression and World War II Unit   Smart Board
3,773
Lesson Plan - Lesson 2 - Conditions during the Great Depression - Great Depression and World War II Unit   Lesson Plan
2,368
Key Note - Lesson 2 - Conditions during the Great Depression - Great Depression and World War II Unit   Smart Board
1,042
Great Depression Writing Activity - Lesson 2 - Conditions during the Great Depression - Great Depression and World War II Unit   Activity
6,603
http://www.loc.gov/teachers/classroommaterial
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