Lesson: The Home Front during World War I

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Lesson Objective

By the end of the lesson, SWBAT explain how people on the home front in America helped win the war that was being fought in Europe.

Lesson Plan

 

KEY POINTS.

·       Efforts on the home front were a key part of the Allies’ victory in World War I.

·       Americans were given rations, meaning there were limits on the amount of food they could eat to create more supplies for the soldiers.

·       Many civilians went to work in arms factories to create tanks, planes, and weapons for the Allied troops.

·       Women worked hard to fill jobs in factories that were void because of the war.

·       Many women repaired cars, delivered the mail, and directed traffic. This helped spur the women’s rights movement.

·       The government used propaganda to shape people’s opinions on issues.

·       Essential Question: “How did the efforts on the home front help America and its allies win the war in Europe?”

·       Vocabulary: Home Front, Factories, Rations, Propaganda, Workforce

ASSESSMENT.

At the end of the lesson, Ss will draw their own propaganda poster asking people to help the war effort at home. Alongside the poster, T will have the Ss write a short piece that goes along with it that explains why it was necessary for people in America to help out with the war effort.   

 

CONNECTION TO THE GEORGIA PERFORMANCE STANDARD

 

SS5H4 The student will describe U.S. involvement in World War I and post-World War I America.

a. Explain how German attacks on U.S. shipping during the war in Europe (1914- 1917) ultimately led the U.S. to join the fight against Germany; include the sinking of the Lusitania and concerns over safety of U.S. ships.

1. OPENING (5 min.) (Engage/Explore) 

Teacher:

·       At the start of the lesson, T will put the following starter on the board: “What could you do as a person living in America to help soldiers overseas?”

·       While the Ss are doing their starter, T will play World War I songs (“Over There,” etc.)

·       T will have the Ss share their starter with their teammates.

·       T will have the Ss share their answers out with the group. T will review the objective for the day: By the end of the lesson, SWBAT explain how people on the home front in America helped win the war that was being fought in Europe.

Student

·       Ss will complete their starter

·       Ss will share their responses.

·       Ss will internalize the objective for the day.

2. INTRODUCTION OF NEW MATERIAL (25 min.) (Explain)

Teacher:

·       T will begin the INM with a Power Point on America’s war effort at home (PowerPoint/Key Note – Lesson 4 – The Home Front during World War I – The Twentieth Century Way Unit).

·       T will have the Ss fill out a graphic organizer while the T interactively lectures the class on the following key points (Graphic Organizer – Lesson 4 – The Home Front during World War I – The Twentieth Century Way Unit):

·Efforts on the home front were a key part of the Allies’ victory in World War I

·Americans were given rations, meaning there were limits on the amount of food they could eat to create more supplies for the soldiers.

·Many civilians went to work in arms factories to create tanks, planes, and weapons for the Allied troops.

·Women worked hard to fill jobs in factories that were void because of the War.

·Many women repaired cars, delivered the mail, and directed traffic. This helped spur the women’s rights movement.

·The government used propaganda to shape people’s opinions on issues.

·       T will have questions laid within the PowerPoint to check for understanding and make the Ss think at a higher level, and stay engaged.

Students:

·       Ss will listen to the lecture

·       Ss will participate in the lecture

·       Ss will answer and ask questions pertaining to the lecture.

3. GUIDED PRACTICE (15 min.) (Extend)

Teacher:

·       T will pass out various propaganda posters to the different groups in class.

·       T will also project the posters either as an extension to the PowerPoint.

·       T will stop after each poster and have the Ss hypothesize what the poster was trying to convince people to do.

·       T will have the Ss write their hypothesis down on their graphic organizer.

·       T will explain to the Ss that their were different objectives for different posters. Some posters were attempting to recruit workers, others to recruit people for the army, while others were to show how strong America was. These posters lifted spirits, and encouraged people to work for the war effort.

·       T will have the Ss make a list of other types of posters that might help in a war effort besides those shown on the two pages in the book.

·       T will write down the list.

Students:

·       Ss will read the section in the book. 

·       Ss will answer questions

·       Ss will develop their own poster ideas.

4. INDEPENDENT PRACTICE (40 min.) (Evaluate)

Teacher:

·       T will then hand out a large piece of construction paper and tell the Ss that their objective during IP is to create a propaganda war poster (Propaganda Poster Activity– Lesson 4 – The Home Front during World War I – The Twentieth Century Way Unit).

·       T will tell the Ss that their poster must be about fulfilling one of the needs that a government and country have during war (lifting morale, getting more troops, getting more people in factories, etc.)

·       T will tell the Ss to use the article as a guideline.

·       T will tell the Ss that after they complete their posters that they are going to write a brief paragraph explaining why it was necessary for Americans on the home front to help out in the war effort.

·       Early finishers will go online to www.eduplace.com/kids/hmss05/ to do an activity on World War I and the war effort in the U.S.

·       T will work with struggling Ss to develop their posters

Students:

·       Ss will complete their newspaper posters on the war effort at home.

·       Ss will complete their early finishers assignments

·       Ss will complete their writing assignment.

5. CLOSING (5 min.)

Teacher:

·       As a closing T will have the Ss share their posters.

·       T will tell the Ss that next lessons, SW continue to learn about World War I, and how this devastating war came to a close.

Student:

·       Students will answer questions.

·       Students will ask any last minute questions.

·       Students will pay attention to topic of next lesson.

 

HOMEWORK (if appropriate).  

World War I Propaganda Posters

Teacher's Reflection:

The students really enjoyed making the propaganda posters. However, I found it very important to go over multiple examples of propaganda posters before they go started so that they had a clear understanding of what they were doing. 

 

Additionally, but on a separate note, the information about women's suffrage in the Power Point is in there as an appetizer or taste for future lessons on the women's rights movement. It may seem like awkward timing, so you may wish to take it out if you don't think it is appropriate there. 

Lesson Resources

Graphic Organizer - Lesson 4 - The Home Front during World War I - The Twentieth Century Way Unit   Notes
2,313
Propaganda Poster Activity - Lesson 4 - The Home Front during World War I - The Twentieth Century Way Unit   Activity
1,936
PowerPoint - Lesson 4 - The Home Front during World War I - The Twentieth Century Way Unit   Smart Board
2,211
Lesson Plan - Lesson 4 - The Home Front during World War I - The Twentieth Century Way Unit   Lesson Plan
1,576
Key Note (Mac) - Lesson 4 - The Home Front during World War I - The Twentieth Century Way Unit   Smart Board
467
30 World War I Propaganda Posters
6269

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