Lesson: Main Idea: Paragraph Divisions

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Lesson Objective

Writers help their readers understand the text by organizing their text in logical ways. Introductions, tables of contents, headings, and paragraph divisions are tools that they use to help their readers. Readers decide what a paragraph is all about (the MI of the paragraph).

Lesson Plan

Point:  Writers help their readers understand the text by organizing their text in logical ways.  Introductions, tables of contents, headings, and paragraph divisions are tools that they use to help their readers.  Readers decide what a paragraph is all about (the MI of the paragraph).

Link: Readers, we have been talking about how writers organize their text to help readers understand it.  We have talked about how writers include headings to help you think about what the section is all about.  Today, I am going to teach you that writers also divide their writing into paragraphs so that the reader can keep their minds focused on what a paragraph is all about and use that to think about supporting details. 

Teaching: Sometimes an author has a lot to say in one section.  This means that a writer has to divide the section into paragraphs so that the reader can understand what the author is trying to tell him or her.  This is why we write in paragraphs – to help our reader understand what we are writing about.  Each paragraph has one thing that the paragraph is all about.  When you are reading non-fiction, you can think what the paragraph is all about – that is called the topic of the paragraph.  Watch how I do this.  [Pass out section from All About Bikes.]  I notice that the section “The First Bicycles” is 4 pages long.  So I am sure that the author divided up the information about the first bikes into paragraphs.  Each paragraph will be about something different – that is called the topic of the paragraph.  I am going to read the first paragraph now and think what it is all about – think about what the topic is.  [Read aloud.]   Hmm… well this paragraph seemed like it was all about the walking machine called the hobbyhorse.  So the hobbyhorse is the topic of this paragraph.  So I think an important supporting detail might be “One of the first bicycles was a walking machine called the hobbyhorse.”

Active Engagement: Now it’s your turn.  I am going to read you the next paragraph (you can read it with me).  After that, you and your partner are going to decide the topic of the paragraph by thinking what this paragraph is all about.  [Read paragraph and then give them time to think.  Then T&T to share what the paragraph was all about.]  I heard from many people that they knew that this paragraph was all about the high wheeler.  So an important supporting detail in this section might be “High wheelers were popular bikes” or “High wheelers had one big wheel and one smaller one” or some other important information about the high wheeler.   

Link: Readers, when you read non-fiction, you can think about what each paragraph is all about.  That can help you decide what the important supporting details are.  At the end of RW today, if you took some time to think what a paragraph was all about, you can share that.

Share: Anyone who took time to think what a paragraph was mostly about. 

Materials: All About Bikes section

 

 

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