Lesson: Main Idea: Understanding Key Words:Glossary
Point: Writers organize their writing to help the reader figure out the main idea. Writers sometimes include a glossary that helps you find key words easily by placing them in alphabetical order.
Link: Readers, on Friday, we learned that it is important to figure out what the key words mean in a non-fiction text because these words are important and related to the main idea. Usually, the writer defines the key words in the text, but sometimes readers need more help figuring out the definition. Today, I am going to teach you that writers sometimes include a glossary that helps you find key words easily.
Teaching: It is important for readers to figure out what key words mean. Writers pick certain words as key words because understanding those words is very important to understanding the main idea of the text. Writers only pick key words that are related to the main idea – unimportant words are not key words. So it is your job as a reader to think deeply about what those words mean. You should read the text around those words carefully, but if that doesn’t give you enough information to learn what the key words mean, then check to see if there is a glossary. The glossary is located at the end of non-fiction books and is organized by listing words and their definitions in alphabetical order. Watch how I decide whether to use the glossary and then notice how I use it. [Do think aloud with the word “camouflage” on page 18 of How Do Animals Adapt? ] Did you notice how I decided that I didn’t really understand the word from the sentence? Then I decided to look in the glossary and find the word “camouflage” and make sure that I understood what it meant. After that, I looked in the glossary, found the words that start with c, and then made sure I understood what camouflage meant. Now you are going to try it.
Active Engagement: I am going to pass out the section “Fooled You!” from this book. You are going to read this section with your partner. Focus on the key word on the page. Ask yourself, “do I really understand what this word means?” If you do, fine. If not, look at the glossary on the back of this page and use it to help you decide what the key words means.
Link: Today during share, I am going to ask whether anyone used the glossary and if so, why and how. Be prepared to share that today. Off you go.
Share: Share who used the glossary and why.
Materials: How Do Animals Adapt?, copies of section called “Fooled You!” – 1 per kid – with glossary on the back
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