Lesson: Main Idea: Predict based on Headings
Point: Readers think about the heading of each section and the section to figure out what they author is teaching you in that section.
Connection: Yesterday, you learned that you can use the title, table of contents, headings, pictures, and captions to figure out what the author is trying to teach them. Today readers you will use headings to figure out what they author is teaching you in that section.
Teaching: In a fiction book (picture or chapter) an author has a lesson that they try to teach you. The main character often learns an important life lesson and the reader learns that very same lesson. In non-fiction, the author teaches you so many things! There is so much to know about our world that you need to be thinking carefully about the non-fiction books you read. One of the ways to be really focused on learning all that you can is by reading the headings on each page. You have to make sure that you stop reading at the end of each section and think about what more you have learned about the topic. Reading and thinking about the headings is something you need to do when you start reading a new page in your non-fiction text. After you finish reading the section you should go back and reread the heading to make sure you understand what it was trying to teach you.
Let me show you what I mean in How Do Animals Adapt? This section is called, “Taking a Long Trip.” (page 10) This section is all about animals that travel to far away places for different reasons. The heading on page 11 says Easy Riders. That’s an interesting heading and it’s also a little confusing so I need to make sure that I think about that heading when I’m done reading this part of the section. (Read Easy Riders aloud) Now I’m going to think about the heading of this part. I just learned that geese fly in a certain shape when they go far away.
I also learned that they take turns flying in different places because they don’t have to flap their wings as hard as the geese at the front of the ‘V.’ Now I need to think about the heading. Easy Riders. Now, I know that Easy Riders was trying to teach me about geese working together as a team to make their long flights easier. Now, it’s your turn to think about the headings in your books.
Active Engagement: Take out the non-fiction book you have been reading. Turn to the first section of the book. Choose a shorter passage and read the heading and then the section. Now, raise your hand if you can explain the heading in your non-fiction book.
Link: Readers, make sure that you think about the headings in your non-fiction books. It’s your job to go back and reread the heading when you finish reading the section and think about what the author was trying to teach you.
Share: Who read some interesting headings today and can share what they learned from the heading and the section they read?
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