Lesson: Main Idea: Using Headings
Edward W. Brooke Charter School
Unit: Non-fiction Strategies
Point: Readers can use the headings to figure out what the author is trying to teach them.
Connection: Yesterday you learned how to use the title of a piece to figure out what the author is trying to teach you. Today I am going to teach you how to use the heads to figure out what it is that the author is trying to teach.
Teach: I’m going to read pages 14 and 15 in How Do Animals Adapt? Then say, “Just like the chapter we read yesterday, there is a lot of important information in this section. I am going to look at the headings to see if I can use them to figure out what it is that the author is trying to teach me. Headings are very important features of non-fiction texts, because they give a quick summary about what the section will be about. The first heading says, “Storing water” the second one says, “Adapted sleeping habits,” and the third heading says, “Hibernating in the heat.” Wow. Rereading these headings just helped me figure out what the author is trying to teach us – some animals “adapt” to the heat by storing water in their bodies, digging deep burrows to get out of the sun, and sleeping during the hottest parts of the day. Did you notice that I used the headings to figure this out?
Active Engagement: Let’s turn again to page 11 in SuperCroc. After rereading the section together, I want you to use the headings to think about what the author is trying to teach us in this section.
You all just did a fantastic job using the headings to figure what the author wants you to learn in this section! Each heading talks about a different reptile that is in some way related to the SuperCroc, so the author wants you to know that there are four different types of species alive and well today that are similar to the SuperCroc in one way or another. Make sure you pay close attention to the headings in your non-fiction books, because they always give a quick summary of what the section will be about.
Link: Today and everyday you read non-fiction, use the headings to think about what the author is trying to teach you. Remember, that headings are designed to give you a quick summary of what the section is about.
Share: Students share out using heading in their independent reading.
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