Lesson: Non-fiction Text Structures: Main Idea: Cause and Effect (Lesson 7)

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Lesson Objective

Some texts have a cause and effect organization. Authors use this structure when their main idea is about how one thing causes another. You can outline this organization in a chain.

Lesson Plan

Lesson 7: (This lesson is continued from Lesson 6)

Standard: Identify and use knowledge of the organizational structure of a text: main idea and supporting examples (web), chronological order (chain), compare and contrast (T-chart), cause and effect (chain), problem/solution (T-chart).

Use text structure to identify the main idea and supporting details in articles. 

 

Big Idea:  Writers help their readers understand the text by organizing their text in logical ways so readers read non-fiction texts differently, depending on their structure.

Writers write non-fiction to teach the reader about one main idea.  It is the job of a reader to figure out the main thing that the writer is trying to teach you.  You can use the organizational structure to figure out the main idea in nonfiction.   

 

Teaching Point: Some texts have a cause and effect organization.  Authors use this structure when their main idea is about how one thing causes another.

You can outline this organization in a chain.

Materials:

Reading Workshop: Reading binders, highlighters and pencils, copies of “Weaving in My Mango Tree”, a mix of sequence, compare/contrast, and cause/effect articles

Read Aloud: Reading binders, One Hen

 

Reading Workshop Lesson:

  • Scholars, yesterday we learned that when an author has a main idea about how something can cause something else, then the author uses a cause/effect organizational structure.  [Show this on chart.] A cause/effect organization is similar to a sequence because things have to go in order, but it is a little different because the focus is more on how something can make something else happen.  And because cause and effect texts go in order, the outlines look like a chain.
  • Today, we are going to re-read the text “Weaving in My Mango Tree” to look for evidence for this open response question [put up OR and read.] We will be planning and writing our OR together.  
  • [Talk about how many parts the OR will have – since weaver ants really cause only one thing to happen (the protection of mango trees), then all of our evidence is going to be about one effect. We should write just one paragraph. The important thing to remember is that we should write our evidence in order because in cause and effect texts, sequence matters.]
  • [Re-read text, stopping when students raise their hands to locate and highlight evidence. When you have highlighted all the evidence, T&T and share out to come up with a good topic sentence – it will probably be very similar to the main idea from yesterday.]
  • [Write OR as a whole class.]
  • So readers, tell your partner why an author would use a cause and effect organization.  [Make sure everyone knows that it is used when the author wants to teach the reader how one thing causes other things to happen.]. 
  • Scholars, you will continue reading your non-fiction texts and making outlines  to help you find the main idea.
  • Share: Share what you think the organizational structure of your book is.

 

Read Aloud Lesson:

  • Yesterday we started reading One Hen, a cause/effect text. We learned how authors use a cause and effect organization when the author wants to teach us how one thing made something else happen. 
  • I am going to continue to stop after each page and ask you if we should add anything to our cause and effect chain that we make.  [Start where you left off yesterday to the end of the book.]
  • So why was this text a cause/effect organization?  What is the main idea of this text?  T&T.  The main idea was that the loan that Kojo caused him to become prosperous and help his country.  So it had to be organized by cause and effect because the point of the text was to teach the reader about all the effects of this one little loan. 
  • So readers, tell your partner why an author would use a cause and effect organization.  [Make sure everyone knows that it is used when the author wants to teach the reader how one thing causes other things to happen.]
  • If you have time, you can read them all the information in the back of the book.    
  • Scholars, tomorrow we are going to write an open response about One Hen

 

 

Lesson Resources

Lesson 7 Non-fiction Chart and Open Response.docx  
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