Lesson: Different Characters Different Problems and Solutions

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Lesson Objective

Students will be able to compare and contrast characters in a text by noticing similarities and differences in the ways that characters handle problems.

Lesson Plan


State Standard:  3.LT-EF.14


Standard Name: . Compare and contrast literary elements (characters) across stories.


Objective: Students will be able to compare and contrast characters in a text by noticing similarities and differences in the ways that characters handle problems.


Do-Now:  Create a list of problems students might have, and make double copies of them.  Try and relate it to problems you may be seeing in your class at the moment, problems going on at your school, problems going on at home, etc.  Pass each student a problem and have them fill out the solution. 


Opening: Just as in our do-now when we all had different solutions to different problems or different problems in different solutions we need to be able to recognize and identify a characters problem and solution in a story and then be able to compare and contrast different problems among different characters by noticing similarities and differences in the ways the characters handle problems. 


Directed Instruction:  *We know that sometimes we read about characters and they remind us of other characters. One way that characters may be alike or different from other characters is in the way that they handle problems.  Today we are going to think about our characters by noticing similarities and differences in the way that characters handle problem.  And also as readers being aware that sometimes different characters may handle problems in different ways, and another thing to think about is that characters sometimes wouldn’t handle a problem the way we would handle a problem. 


Guided Practice:

Using a read aloud model how students can compare and contrast different ways characters handle different problems in stories. 

On a piece of chart paper create a venn-diagram graphic organizer, a chart, or a graph.  You can also introduce them to table to using different ways to showcase comparing and contrasting.  This lesson can be spread amongst three days if you want and you can introduce a different type of graphic organizer for comparing and contrasting on each one of the days. 

You can do guided practice by completing a read aloud or using texts that’s you have read with students. Students can also do this lesson in guided reading groups. 

Suggested Sample Read Alouds: 

*Rainbow Fish: he handled his problem first by being selfish and not sharing his scales, but then by choosing to be generous and giving

*Jamaica’s Find was similar because she first was selfish and took the dog home, then she was generous and giving because she gave the dog back.  *Compare and contrast how Richie handled his problem at the end of the book Rotten Richie and the Ultimate Dare (at the end, his problem was he was ruining the dance recital, he decided to do the dance with his sister) with The Rainbow Fish

(Both characters at first thought they were better than others, then decided to be kind.  The Rainbow Fish actually gave something away; Richie did something nice).


As good  readers, when you read today, think about how the way your character handled a problem is like the way another character handled a problem.

Independent Practice: Students can complete graphic organizers that are modeled to the venn diagrams that you introduced using a variety of methods:

Independently using their “just right books”

In groups using a read aloud

In guided reading groups

Based on a whole class read aloud of a picture book or chapter book

You can assign each group a different kind of graphic organizer to present to the students to display and explain as well.

Closing:  Good readers understand and realize that there are always problems and solutions in the stories that we read. 

Quiz: Have students write solutions to problems of stories they have read in class.  Give students a problem and have them write a solution based on a character in their book. 

Lesson Resources

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