Lesson: Wright Brothers and George Washington Carver

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Lesson Objective

By the end of the lesson, SWBAT describe how technology changed at the turn of the 20th century. By the end of the lesson, SWBAT explain what the Wright Brothers and George Washington Carver invented, and how these inventions change the way people lived.

Lesson Plan

Key Points:

·       The Wright Brothers were the first people to fly an airplane that could carry a human.

·       The Wright Brothers invented a new machine that changed the way people travel forever.

·       With airplanes, traveling becomes a lot easier, and people are able to explore, reunite, and do business with people far away.

·       George Washington Carver was a very famous African American Scientist.

·       Carver helped many farmers make money by developing a way to grow sweet potatoes and peanuts in soil that was too diseased and sick to grow cotton.

·       Carver advocated all of the ways that peanuts can be used. He made peanuts popular, but most importantly, he helped farmers make money in a time where cotton was diseased (away from Monoculture).

 

Essential Question: “ How do inventions change the way we live?”

 

Vocabulary: George Washington Carver, The Wright Brothers, Monoculture, Peanuts, Flight

 

Assessment:

·       T will informally assess the invention projects to see if the Ss understand how inventions change the way people live, communicate, earn a living, and travel.

·       T will also grade the writing prompt that is completed during Independent Practice.

 

Opening (10 minutes):

Teacher:

·       At the start of the lesson, T will put the following starter on the board: “How did Alexander Graham Bell and Thomas Edison change the world we live in?”

·       T will have the Ss write their starter down.

·       T will ask the Ss to share out their starter.

·       T will explain the objective for the day: By the end of the lesson, SWBAT explain what the Wright Brothers and George Washington Carver invented, and how these inventions change the way people lived.

·       T will ask the Ss if they have any last minute questions about the exam.

Students:

·       Ss will write down their starter.

·       Ss will share their ideas with the class.

·       Ss will ask any last minute questions.

 

Introduction to New Material (20 minutes):

Teacher:

·       T will give set up a gallery walk so the Ss can learn about the two major figures of the day: The Wright Brothers and George Washington Carver.

·       T will have the Ss rotate and take notes on the major points of the inventors.

·       T will emphasize the importance of taking good notes and jotting down the main idea of the articles. This will provide the Ss with an opportunity to practice essential reading comprehension skills (subject integration).

·       T will also have a video via United Streaming of the first flight alongside an informational video on George Washington Carver (technology).

Students:

·       Ss will complete the gallery walk quietly.

·       Ss will ask questions regarding the gallery walk process.

·        Ss will complete the early finisher exercises.

 

Guided Practice (15 minutes):

Teacher:

·       T will then show a brief power point on The Wright Brothers and George Washington Carver.

·       T will emphasize that both of these inventors changed that people lived at the start of the 20th century and the way we live today.

·       The Wright Brothers were the first people to fly an airplane that can carry a heavier.

·       The Wright Brothers invented a new machine that changed the way people travel forever.

·       With airplanes, traveling becomes a lot easier, and people are able to explore, reunite, and do business with people far away.

·       George Washington Carver was a very famous African American Scientist.

·       Carver helped many farmers make money by developing a way to grow sweet potatoes and peanuts in soil that was too diseased and sick to grow cotton.

·       Carver advocated all of the ways that peanuts can be used. He made peanuts popular, but most importantly, he helped farmers make money in a time where cotton was diseased (away from Monoculture).

·       T will have the Ss fill out another part of their graphic organizer during the brief Power Point.

Students:

·       Ss will listen to the Power Point

·       Ss will fill out the graphic organizer

·       Ss will ask questions about the Power Point.

 

Independent Practice (35 minutes):

Teacher:

·       T will ask tell the Ss that they are going to complete their two-day project involving inventing a new machine that would make life easier for human beings (fine arts integration).

·       T will tell the Ss that the second part of the project is taking the ideas on the graphic organizer and flushing them out by drawing a mock up of the invention, alongside a “product description” which will explain the following: “How will your invention change the way people live? How will your invention make life easier for people? How much will your invention cost, and why is it necessary to invent? Pick one of the inventors that we are studying, what would they say about your invention, why would they say this?”

·       These questions are open ended and scaffolded to allow for differentiation. The lower level students will simply answer the questions to get them to think about how inventions change people’s lives, while the higher-level students will have to critically think about how their invention connects with the inventions designed by Edison, Graham Bell, Wright, and Carver.

·       T will ask the Ss if they have any questions before they proceed.

·       T will pull aside the Ss that were working with the T the preceding day to review the concepts learned today, and to help them create an invention of their own.

·       T will complete the following writing prompt: “Pick either the inventions of the Wright Brothers or George Washington Carver and describe how that invention changed the way people live back when it was invented and how it still affects people today.”

Students:

·        Ss will complete their invention projects.

·        Ss that are struggling will work with T to complete their project.

 

Closing (10 minutes):

Teacher:

·       As a T will ask the Ss the following questions in hope of repeating the main points of the lesson: “Why was it important that George Washington Carver invented a way to grow peanuts and sweet potatoes in the South? Why is the invention of the airplane such a big deal?”

·       T will tell the Ss that next lesson they are going to learn about some famous politicians, people that are elected, that changed the way people outside of America think of our country.

·       T will remind the Ss of their homework – their inventor projects.

·       T will ask the Ss if they have any last minute questions. 

Student:

·       Students will answer questions.

·       Students will ask any last minute questions.

 

Homework: Social Studies project on the inventors of the turn of the century.

 

Materials: LCD, Graphic Organizer, In Class Project Sheet, Writing Prompt

 

Teacher’s Reflection:

 

This lesson has a similar format to the previous lesson that was about Edison and Bell. I wanted to keep it consistent because it was a continuation of the topic, “inventors.” In addition, I found that the second day that the students worked on their project it was great because they went home and really thought about what they wanted to add to their project to make it good. Also, I found it useful to stress how these inventions really improved the way we live today. This helped the students make the connection between what they’re learning at school and their lives.

 

Lesson Resources

Turn of the Century in America Unit - Lesson 2 - Wright Brothers and Carver - Writing Prompt    Writing Assignment
854
Turn of the Century in America - Lesson 1 and 2 - Inventors - Graphic Organizer  
899
Turn of the Century in America - Inventor's Project   Project
799
Turn of the Century in America Unit - Lesson 2 - Wright Brothers and Carver - Lesson Plan   Lesson Plan
751
Turn of the Century in America Unit - Lesson 2 - Wright Brothers and Carver - Key Note   Smart Board
410
Turn of the Century in America - Lesson 1 and 2 - Inventors Graphic Organizer   Notes
533
Turn of the Century in America Unit - Lesson 2 - Wright Brothers and Carver - PowerPoint   Rubric
1,073
National Parks Service: Wright Brothers
4486
Biography: George Washington Carver
4486
Turn of the Century in America Unit - Lesson 2 - Wright Brothers and Carver - Gallery Walk   Activity
961

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