Lesson: Simile

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Lesson Objective

Students will be able to identify and use simile in poems the read and write.

Lesson Plan

 

 

Objective: Students will be able to identify and use simile in poems the read and write.

Lesson Plan

Standard/Code/Name:          

Do Now (5-7 minutes):  Jack feels nervous about having his work displayed in the classroom.  Why does he want his early poems to be anonymous? How does he expect his classmates to react? Do you ever have a hard time sharing your work? Why?

Opening:   we have seen in a lot of the poems that we have read, many comparisons that the authors like to make.  These comparisons make the writing more interesting.  Instead of saying something is hard, an author may write, the bread was as hard as a rock.  These comparisons are called similes.  We have seen then already, but we are going to take a little more of a look at them.

Direct Instruction (I DO):

Lets  talk about similes. The word simile comes from a Latin word meaning sameness, or the same as. We use similes all the time when we speak, without even thinking about it.

Writers use similes too when they describe things by comparing them to other things. For example, instead of describing something as big, you could say it is as big as a house; or instead of saying someone runs fast, you could say he runs like the wind. Which one helps you „see‟ or understand better how big or how fast is meant? A good simile makes both your speaking and your writing more interesting.

 

Similes are easy to recognize. They have two grammar patterns. Both grammar patterns were used in the examples above.

·         One is “as (something) as (something)”

o   Provide several examples for students on sentence strips

o   What two things are being compared?

·         The other is “(something) like (something)”. The words „as‟ or „like‟ tell us we are making a comparison.

o   Provide several examples for students on sentence strips

o   What two things are being compared?

Let’sd take a look at the following poem:

Flint 

by Christina Rossetti

An emerald is as green as grass,
A ruby red as blood;
A sapphire shines as blue as heaven;
A flint lies in the mud.

A diamond is a brilliant stone,
To catch the world's desire;
An opal holds a fiery spark;
But a flint holds a fire.

·         Model where the similes are within the poem. 

·         What is being compared?

A Birthday by Christina Rossetti

 

My heart is like a singing bird

                  Whose nest is in a water'd shoot;

My heart is like an apple-tree

                  Whose boughs are bent with thickset fruit;

My heart is like a rainbow shell

                  That paddles in a halcyon sea;

My heart is gladder than all these

                  Because my love is come to me.

Raise me a dais of silk and down;

                  Hang it with vair and purple dyes;

Carve it in doves and pomegranates,

                  And peacocks with a hundred eyes;

Work it in gold and silver grapes,

                  In leaves and silver fleurs-de-lys;

Because the birthday of my life

                  Is come, my love is come to me.

 

Some similes are obvious. We all know that houses are big, for instance, so “as big as a house suggests to us something that is very big. However, some similes have been part of the language for so long that we might have difficulty understanding the comparison. For example, why do we say “as cute as a button?” No one knows! But this simile has been used for over 200 years!

Of course, we don’t only have to use well-known similes. It’s often much more fun to make up our own. How about, “as cute as a bunny’s tail?” It is important to be able to identify and interpret, or understand the meaning of, those already in use.

 

Other Old Similes Include (Some make sense others are just popular and just are)

 

As agile as a monkey
As alike as two peas in a pod
As annoying as nails scratching against a chalkboard.
As bald as a baby's backside
As bald as a badger
As bald as a coot
As beautiful as nature
As big as a boat
As big as a bus
As big as an elephant
As black as a sweep
As black as coal
As black as one is painted
As black as pitch
As blind as a bat
As blind as a mole
As bold as brass
As brave as a lion
As bright as a button
As bright as a new pin
As bright as day
As bright as the sun
As busy as a beaver
As busy as a bee
As busy as a cat on a hot tin roof
As calm as a millpond
As clear as a bell
As clean as a hound's tooth
As clean as a whistle
As clear as crystal
As clear as mud
As cold as ice
As common as dirt
As cool as a cucumber
As crazy as a loon
As cunning as a fox
As cute as a baby
As cute as a button
As cute as a cup cake
As damp as the salty blue ocean
As dead as a doornail
As dead as the dodo
As deaf as a post
As delicate as a flower
As dense as a brick
As different as chalk from cheese
As drunk as a lord
As dry as a bone
As dry as dust
As dull as dishwater
As easy as A.B.C.
As easy as pie
As fast as a racecar
As fat as a hippo
As fat as a pig
As fit as a fiddle
As flat as a pancake
As free as a bird
As fresh as a daisy
As funny as a balloon
As gentle as a lamb As good as gold
As hairy as an ape
As happy as a clown
As happy as a lark
As happy as Larry
As happy as a rat with a gold tooth
As hard as nails
As hard as rock
As high as a kite
As hoarse as a crow
As hot as a fire cracker
As hot as hell
As hungry as a bear
As hungry as a wolf
As innocent as a lamb
As keen as mustard
As large as life
As light as a feather
As light as air
As likely as not
As loud as a lion
As lowly as a worm
As mad as a hatter
As mad as a hornet
As mad as the march hare
As merry as a cricket
As modest as a maiden
As much use as a yard of pump water
As naked as a baby
As neat as a pin
As nutty as a fruitcake
As obstinate as a mule
As old as dirt
As old as the hills
As pale as death
As pale as a ghost
As patient as Job
As plain as day
As pleased as Punch
As poor as a church mouse
As poor as dirt
As pretty as a picture
As proud as a peacock
As pure as snow
As pure as the driven snow
As quick as a wink
As quick as lightning
As quick as silver
As quiet as a mouse
As rich as gold
As right as rain
As round as a barrel
As round as a circle
As round as a sphere
As safe as houses
As scarce as hen's teeth
As sensitive as a flower
As sharp as a needle
As sharp as a razor
As sick as a dog
As silent as the dead
As silent as the grave
As silly as a goose
As sleepy as a koala
As slippery as an eel
As slow as molasses
As slow as a snail
As slow as a tortoise
As slow as a turtle
As slow as a wet weekend
As sly as a fox
As smart as an owl
As smooth as silk
As snug as a bug in a rug
As sober as a judge
As soft as a baby's bottom
As solid as a rock
As solid as the ground we stand on
As sound as a bell
As sour as vinegar
As steady as a rock
As sticky as jam
As stiff as a board
As still as death
As straight as an arrow
As strong as an ox
As stubborn as a mule
As sturdy as an oak
As sure as death and taxes
As sweet as honey
As tall as a giraffe
As tight as a drum
As thick as a brick
As thin as a rake
As thin as a toothpick
As timid as a rabbit
As tiny as a grain of sand
As tough as leather
As tough as nails
As tough as old boots
As tricky as a box of monkeys
As welcome as a skunk at a lawn party
As white as a ghost
As white as a sheet
As white as snow
As wise as Solomon
As wise as an owl
Worked as hard as an Alabama cotton picker

 

Guided Practice (WE DO):

·         Discuss some of the similes on the list from above.  Have student decide what they think their favorite one means.

·         Have students complete the Complete the Simile sheet (see attached file)

·         Have a discussion about these.

Read March 7-March 27

Independent Practice (YOU DO):

Create your own Similes:

 

Think of a topic (ex. plants, animals, home, school, etc.) and create 10 similes using both kinds.

 

Provide students time to journal and read poems from the library.

 

Homework:  Using the similes you created around a topic, write a poem including some of them.

Lesson Resources

Lesson 67   Lesson Plan
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Lesson 67 Complete the Simile   Activity
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