Lesson: Locating Specific Information
Objective: Students will be able to locate specific information within a given text.
DO NOW (5-7 minutes): Now that you have read about HH and getting to know him, I want you to complete a KW(L) chart for the rest of the book (see attached file). What do you know, and what questions do you still have?
SAVE THIS FOR THE END OF THE BOOK AND USE AS AN ASSESSMENT FOR HH KNOWLEDGE AND TO SHOW STUDENTS HOW MUCH THEY LEARNED ABOUT HH.
When reading non-fiction we always ask ourselves questions in order to stay engaged in our text. There are ways that we can find this information without flipping through the pages until we find it.
What are some questions we still have about HH? (Take 5 questions from the class)
Record these on chart paper.
Direct Instruction (I DO):
We have some really great questions that we want to be answered. But how do I find the answers to these questions quickly?? Am I going to flip through each page until I come to the answer? HECK NO!!! I don’t have the time or energy to try and go through the whole book to find the answer.
Where am I going to go to help me find my answer when I have a long text like “ESCAPE!”?
If you can remember back to when we learned about text features, there are two places we can go to help us narrow our search down dramatically.
The Table of Contents & the Index
- The Table of Contents – which is located in the beginning of the text gives us the Chapter Titles and will give us a smaller section to look within.
For example, if I wanted to know about information on HH and his young life, I could look in the Table of Contents for help in locating the information. As I can see from the Chapter titles, the first chapter “He was born, but where?” should be able to tell us this information.
Some books will have special features within the chapter that help me to narrow my search down even more. These are called HEADINGS. Within the text, headings are the labels for different topics within the chapter.
Unfortunately, this book does not make it as easy for us to locate the information with the help of headings.
· Showcase a book with Headings within the chapters and model how one would go about using those headings.
- The Index – is an alphabetic list of topics, at end, that can be found within the text.
Lets for back to my example of trying to find information about HH’s early life. If I want to find this information using the index I’m going to have to think of some key words to find: growing up, early life; these are a good start.
If I look through the alphabetical lists for these words I was not ale to growing up, or early life. Sometimes we need to think a little bit more to see if we can find these key words.
All the information we are looking up has to do with HH, maybe if I look under his name I can find the information I am looking for; I did see his name in the index when I was searching the first time.
So, I’m finding HH’s name and low and behold, there are some key phrases/words I was looking for:
I can find information about his birth and date on pages 12, 15, 28, 44….
I can also find information about the childhood of on pages 14, 16-18, 19-22, 21, 23…
Show to class as you do this – Running your finger down the listings, reading them as you go.
HH! Found it! Next to the words I see a bunch of sub-headings; I can tell these go with HH because the sub-headings are indented or moved over just a bit. Just like searching for the headings within the text, I need to find the sub-heading that marches the best for the information I am looking for (read them out load and choose the one that is the best…”
I see some numbers next to the subheading; I bet those are the page numbers that I need to go to, to find my information. Let me flip to those pages and by golly, I found my information!!!
- When we read shorter non-fiction passages, there isn’t a table of contents or an index to help us find our information. When we are reading shorter books, newspaper articles, or selections from a magazine we still can find the information we need relatively quickly.
In order to do so we need to look at the topic sentences or concluding sentences in the paragraph. Topic sentences are the first sentence in every paragraph, concluding sentences are the very last sentence in the paragraph. They give you the basic information within the paragraph.
Take a look at the article from Time for Kids on the overhead/smartboard. I have highlighted to topic and concluding sentences.
My question about this article is “Why are the lady bugs lost?”
If I read the topic sentences (read through them) I was able to find out that no one really knows why the ladybugs are disappearing. And then it gave me reasons as to why they could be.
Guided Practice (WE DO): Start the “ESCAPE!” Scavenger Hunt with the class, finding information using each of the three different ways to find specific information.
Independent Practice (YOU DO): Complete the “ESCAPE!” Scavenger Hunt.
Exit Slip: What three ways can you use to find specific information within a non-fiction text? Why is it beneficial for you to know how to do this?
|Lady Bug Article||
|Lesson 54 IP GO FIND IT Activity||
|Lesson 54 Lesson Plan||
|Lesson 54 Ladybugs Lost DI Classwork||