HSS-CP.A.4

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- HSS-CP.A.5Recognize and explain the concepts of conditional probability and independence in everyday language and everyday situations. For example, compare the chance of having lung cancer if you are a smoker with the chance of being a smoker if you have lung cancer.
- HSS-CP.A.3Understand the conditional probability of A given B as P(A and B)/P(B), and interpret independence of A and B as saying that the conditional probability of A given B is the same as the probability of A, and the conditional probability of B given A is the same as the probability of B.
- HSS-CP.A.4Construct and interpret two-way frequency tables of data when two categories are associated with each object being classified. Use the two-way table as a sample space to decide if events are independent and to approximate conditional probabilities. For example, collect data from a random sample of students in your school on their favorite subject among math, science, and English. Estimate the probability that a randomly selected student from your school will favor science given that the student is in tenth grade. Do the same for other subjects and compare the results.
- HSS-CP.A.1Describe events as subsets of a sample space (the set of outcomes) using characteristics (or categories) of the outcomes, or as unions, intersections, or complements of other events (“or,” “and,” “not”).
- HSS-CP.A.2Understand that two events A and B are independent if the probability of A and B occurring together is the product of their probabilities, and use this characterization to determine if they are independent.

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## HSS-CP.A.4

## Construct and interpret two-way frequency tables of data when two categories are associated with each object being classified. Use the two-way table as a sample space to decide if events are independent and to approximate conditional probabilities. For example, collect data from a random sample of students in your school on their favorite subject among math, science, and English. Estimate the probability that a randomly selected student from your school will favor science given that the student is in tenth grade. Do the same for other subjects and compare the results.

1 Lesson(s)

Big Idea:

#### By working with percentages and very large amounts of money, students are also able to construct their own understanding of significant digits.

Standards:

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Common Core Math

### Kindergarten

### First Grade

### Second Grade

### Third Grade

### Fourth Grade

### Fifth Grade

### Sixth Grade

### Seventh Grade

### HS Number & Quantity

### HS Algebra

### HS Functions

### HS Geometry

### Kindergarten

### First Grade

### Second Grade

### Third Grade

### Fourth Grade

### Fifth Grade

### Sixth Grade

### Seventh Grade

### Eighth Grade

### Ninth and Tenth Grade

### Kindergarten

### First grade

### Second grade

### Third Grade

### Fourth grade

### Fifth grade

### Middle School

Kindergarten

First Grade

Second Grade

Third Grade

Fourth Grade

Fifth Grade

Sixth Grade

Seventh Grade

HS Number & Quantity

HS Algebra

HS Functions

HS Geometry

Kindergarten

First Grade

Second Grade

Third Grade

Fourth Grade

Fifth Grade

Sixth Grade

Seventh Grade

Eighth Grade

Ninth and Tenth Grade

Kindergarten

First grade

Second grade

Third Grade

Fourth grade

Fifth grade

Middle School