Interpret products of whole numbers, e.g., interpret 5 × 7 as the total number of objects in 5 groups of 7 objects each. For example, describe a context in which a total number of objects can be expressed as 5 × 7.
Counting by 10's is easy for students of this age. Knowing that base 10 can be used to help multiply and divide in the higher numbers by decomposing is critical. This lesson sets the base for future work.