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- 3.OA.B.5Apply properties of operations as strategies to multiply and divide.2 Examples: If 6 Ã 4 = 24 is known, then 4 Ã 6 = 24 is also known. (Commutative property of multiplication.) 3 Ã 5 Ã 2 can be found by 3 Ã 5 = 15, then 15 Ã 2 = 30, or by 5 Ã 2 = 10, then 3 Ã 10 = 30. (Associative property of multiplication.) Knowing that 8 Ã 5 = 40 and 8 Ã 2 = 16, one can find 8 Ã 7 as 8 Ã (5 + 2) = (8 Ã 5) + (8 Ã 2) = 40 + 16 = 56. (Distributive property.)
- 3.OA.B.6Understand division as an unknown-factor problem. For example, find 32 Ã· 8 by finding the number that makes 32 when multiplied by 8.

3.OA.B.5

Apply properties of operations as strategies to multiply and divide.2 Examples: If 6 Ã 4 = 24 is known, then 4 Ã 6 = 24 is also known. (Commutative property of multiplication.) 3 Ã 5 Ã 2 can be found by 3 Ã 5 = 15, then 15 Ã 2 = 30, or by 5 Ã 2 = 10, then 3 Ã 10 = 30. (Associative property of multiplication.) Knowing that 8 Ã 5 = 40 and 8 Ã 2 = 16, one can find 8 Ã 7 as 8 Ã (5 + 2) = (8 Ã 5) + (8 Ã 2) = 40 + 16 = 56. (Distributive property.)

Decomposing Arrays, Day 1

3rd Grade Math

Â» Unit:

Using Multiplication to Find Area

Big Idea:Students need to practice deconstructing arrays with manipulatives in order to conceptualize the distributive property. This 3 day lesson takes the children through increasingly sophisticated activities to explore the "why" and "how" of this property.

Multiplication Using The Commutative Property

3rd Grade Math

Â» Unit:

Multiplication 2

Big Idea:Understanding the commutative property of multiplication helps students master math facts.

Distributive Property, Day 1

3rd Grade Math

Â» Unit:

Using Multiplication to Find Area

Big Idea:Children need to move from the manipulative expressions of the distributive property into the mathematical equations eventually. This lesson is the first step in leading them to that goal.

Associative Property

3rd Grade Math

Â» Unit:

Understanding Multiplication

Big Idea:Children need to understand why the mathematical properties work and how they are applied. In this lesson, we explore modeling and "proving" the associative property.

Distributive Property, Day 2

3rd Grade Math

Â» Unit:

Using Multiplication to Find Area

Big Idea:The children have been practicing decomposing areas and now digits in order to understand and use the distributive property.

Decomposing Given Large Areas, Day 3

3rd Grade Math

Â» Unit:

Using Multiplication to Find Area

Big Idea:Students have been working with decomposing arrays in order to practice finding small areas and putting the totals together. In this third lesson, they will work on finding smaller areas that make the mental math more feasible.

Fun with Four: Decomposing to Known Factors of 1, 2, and 5

3rd Grade Math

Â» Unit:

Multiplication

Big Idea:Students act as problem solvers to take an unknown fact and solve it by breaking it down into pieces that are known.

Associative Property With Manipulatives

3rd Grade Math

Â» Unit:

Understanding Multiplication

Big Idea:Children need to understand why the mathematical properties work and how they are applied. In this lesson, we explore modeling and "proving" the associative property.In this lesson, we explore modeling and "proving" the associative property.

The Multiplication and Division Connection

3rd Grade Math

Â» Unit:

Sharing Equally with Division

Big Idea:Students can solve multiplication and division problems quickly by recognizing the relationship between the two operations.

Arrays, Arrays, Arrays

3rd Grade Math

Â» Unit:

Multiplication

Big Idea:Rearranging arrays to understand equivalent products.

Multiples in a Minute

5th Grade Math

Â» Unit:

Multiplication Madness

Big Idea:Understanding multiplication is repeated addition is the first step in understanding the concept.

Discovering Relationships: Multiplication & Division (1 of 2)

3rd Grade Math

Â» Unit:

The Relationship Between Multiplication and Division

Big Idea:Fact families include the same amount of total objects but the groups and number in each group can be manipulated.

Multiplication Properties

4th Grade Math

Â» Unit:

Multiplication and Division Meanings

Big Idea:Multiplication Properties are rules that can be used to help with math computation.

Using the Multiplication and Division Relationship to Solve

3rd Grade Math

Â» Unit:

Sharing Equally with Division

Big Idea:Students can solve multiplication and division problems quickly by recognizing the relationship between the two operations.

Decomposing Given Large Areas Day 2

3rd Grade Math

Â» Unit:

Using Multiplication to Find Area

Big Idea:In this second of a three-part lesson, students extend decomposing arrays to applying a strategy for mental computation of area by finding smaller areas.

3.OA.B.5

Apply properties of operations as strategies to multiply and divide.2 Examples: If 6 Ã 4 = 24 is known, then 4 Ã 6 = 24 is also known. (Commutative property of multiplication.) 3 Ã 5 Ã 2 can be found by 3 Ã 5 = 15, then 15 Ã 2 = 30, or by 5 Ã 2 = 10, then 3 Ã 10 = 30. (Associative property of multiplication.) Knowing that 8 Ã 5 = 40 and 8 Ã 2 = 16, one can find 8 Ã 7 as 8 Ã (5 + 2) = (8 Ã 5) + (8 Ã 2) = 40 + 16 = 56. (Distributive property.)

3.OA.B.6

Understand division as an unknown-factor problem. For example, find 32 Ã· 8 by finding the number that makes 32 when multiplied by 8.