Students will take on their first natural disaster in this lesson. This lesson introduces students to the phenomenon of earthquakes as the creation of seismic waves caused by friction along plate boundaries and faults.
To understand the concept of continental drift and island formation as a result of plate movement and hotspots, students calculate the rate of movement of the Hawaiian islands during their geologic history
Students will take use their newfound knowledge of density to apply relative densities to the interior of the Earth and its associated layers. Students will also analyze how the density of each layer is primarily affected by its elemental composition.
There is a key relationship between stream velocity (how fast its moving) and the size of sediments that can be moved by that stream. Using this idea, students explore what erosion really is - the transport of weathered sediments to a different location