## Switches.doc - Section 3: Independent Practice

# Build a Switch

Lesson 7 of 11

## Objective: SWBAT construct a switch and use their switch in a simple circuit to control the flow of electricity.

*50 minutes*

#### Warm Up

*10 min*

Because I want my students to make connections to their prior knowledge, I begin this lesson by asking students to name and describe places where they have seen or used a switch to control electricity. Common answers include light switches, power buttons on televisions or video game systems, and nightlights. I record the students' responses on a chart and display it in the front of the classroom.

I then ask students to work in their table groups to make a hypothesis about how switches control electricity. I ask each group to come to a consensus and to record their hypothesis on a sentence strip. I display the sentence strips on the board so that students can revisit their hypotheses at the conclusion of the lesson.

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#### Guided Practice

*10 min*

I model the construction of a circuit tester and switch for the students. Students will use a circuit tester in subsequent lessons so I want to ensure that they can correctly construct a circuit tester and that they have the opportunity to ask questions about the process and product. I encourage students to take notes on the process of building the circuit tester in their lab notebooks.

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#### Independent Practice

*20 min*

After seeing the circuit tester and switch construction process, I provide students with the time to build their own switch and circuit tester. As they build, I ask students to record their observations on their switch lab worksheet. After completing the switch and tester, students diagram their completed circuit. A video of a student constructing a switch can be found here.

Once they have built their circuit tester and switch, I ask students to explore the materials and to make judgments about how electricity moves in the circuit. I want students to gain this knowledge through exploration, so I purposefully avoid telling the students any information about how the presence of a switch can impact the circuit. Instead, I ask guiding questions to lead students to the understanding that the switch controls the flow of electricity by completing or breaking the flow of electrons in the circuit.

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#### Closing

*10 min*

I close this lesson with a formative assessment. Since the students are half-way through the electricity unit, I want to ensure that each student can diagram a circuit and describe the movement of electricity in a circuit. I use the switch exit ticket as a quick check for understanding.

#### Resources

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- LESSON 1: What Do We Know About Electricity?
- LESSON 2: Light A Bulb
- LESSON 3: Build a Circuit
- LESSON 4: What is Wrong?: Troubleshooting Circuits
- LESSON 5: Conductors and Insulators
- LESSON 6: Build a Lightbulb
- LESSON 7: Build a Switch
- LESSON 8: Circuit Diagrams
- LESSON 9: Diodes
- LESSON 10: Series and Parallel Circuits
- LESSON 11: Build a Flashlight