##
* *Reflection: Student Ownership
A Student Driven Review for the Test on Multiplication Concepts - Section 4: Closing: Preparing for our test: Getting our mindset!

Students respond so well to this technique of allowing them to decide what they should remember for a test. I exercised Math Practice Standard 3 while reinforcing the standards that we needed to achieve.

I love to review this way because it also brings out what is weak and therefore I can address these concepts once more. In this case, they didn't know their properties as well as they should. They were able to take more notes and practice. I was absent the day that was taught and I strongly suspect they didn't focus as well on that lesson as I had hoped. I was glad lack of understanding surfaced today. If I hadn't done a review like this, and had just given them the worksheet, I wouldn't have been able to catch it until it was too late.

Mastering standards is my focus of teaching. Everyone is capable of mastering the standards before they go to fifth grade. This is a new attitude. I remember before Common Core, we too often just ignored the failure or lack of learning and pushed forward. This new revelation in teaching gives students a level of confidence and joy in learning.

This Educreations video reflects on what I noticed in three student's review sheets. The review sheets are eye opening and are simple enough to plan support for the student. In the video, I mispeak when I say "as we transition to CCSS next year". I meant to say, the focus on PEMDAS will not be part of our lessons next year as they do not support the standard. It is a carry over from the transition, before I was able to dissect the standards so completely through my opportunity as an MT through Better Lesson!

*The Value of Deciding for Ourselves What is Important to Remember*

*Student Ownership: The Value of Deciding for Ourselves What is Important to Remember*

# A Student Driven Review for the Test on Multiplication Concepts

Lesson 11 of 12

## Objective: SWBAT effectively prepare for their assessment on factor pairs, in and out charts, grouping, arrays and prime and composite numbers.

## Big Idea: Students will review prior quizzes and classwork to help create a study guide for the final test.

*50 minutes*

We reviewed PEMDAs using this fun and a little goofy rap song. They loved it! We did it again. Then, we talked about remembering when we solve problems to write them clearly and note each section being solved using a "V" under the parenthesis to point down to the solution. Example:V examples and neat order of solving. One student had noticed that the video rap did not use that handy tool for solving.

#### Resources

*expand content*

I asked my students what the most important concepts in this unit were? I asked them to get out their past assignments, notes and quizzes to help them remember. I asked them to write down 5 most important things they learned in this unit by going over their notes in their notebook. Then, they needed to collaborate with their desk groups. One person would be the notetaker as they conferred with one another to decide what was most important. This collaborative work helps students support one another in understanding what needed to be mastered.

I gave them about 10 minutes or so to talk. When I thought everyone was finished. I asked each group to share one thing that was important.

I listed each thing on the Smart Board. I instructed each student to take notes in their math journal as we progressed.

Their list was very close to having all the learning goals:

PEMDAS: I need to know the order of operations and be able to solve problems using it. ( This does not satisfy any of the 4th grade standards, but supports fluent problem solving.)

I need to know the difference between a group and an array and how to make both.( This helps them understand that there are different ways to understand what multiplication means.)

I need to know how to solve an in and out chart. (This supports 4.OA.C.5)

I need to know what Prime and Composite are. (This supports 4.OA.B.4)

I need to know how to list factor pairs. (This supports 4.OA.B.4)

I had to add: Know the four properties that you have learned and be able to explain why zero times anything is zero using the word "group". This helps reinforce understanding of multiplication properties of 1, 0 and Commutative/Associative properties.

This list was fairly on track for covering all of the standards I expected them to master in this unit. They had done a very good job of deciding what was important to know! This collaborative decision making helps learning become meaningful. I could have easily given them a review sheet, but this takes their thinking and understanding to a higher level and keeps them accountable.

*expand content*

I passed out a review worksheet. Getting Ready for Our Test Multiplication Concepts *The worksheet is designed to review what we learned last so that students can systematically use their current notes and remember the unit from the first thing in their minds, which is the last lesson taught. I just really like this technique and find it to be encouraging for those who are anxious about tests. They see success in their review fairly quickly and then it doesn't seem so cumbersome.*

I asked students to use their materials from prior lessons and their notes to review for their test.* I do this because I want them to practice studying habits that I want them to use at home. I think that they are having a hard time transitioning into these habits. They tend to avoid their notes. Before CCSS, math tests were more about "how" and calculations, rather than writing and explaining why. Notes have become imperative to their success in mastering standards.*

I had to remind several of my students to use their resources to review and look at how they had done it before.* It made me realize I have to monitor studying habits more.*

After students completed the worksheet, they partnered with another student. I roved around the class one more time, looking for anyone struggling with a concept or blank parts of the worksheet. I noticed that number 10 was completely blank on most sheets. I interviewed a few partners to see what was on their mind. I asked them if they could support each other with figuring out what they needed to review or study. These little clips show what was said about partnering up and discussing the review.

A view and sample of in class work.: This video clip shows a little discussion about what is missing yet from their review sheet. It was from this sample that I realized that a quick review of properties would be a good thing.

*expand content*

I asked students to tell me the concepts that were the most challenging to remember. One group said that # 10, trying to identify the properties, was weak. A chorus of students chimed in and agreed.

We reviewed them carefully again:

Commutative Property of Multiplication 3x2=2x3

Associative Property of Multiplication 3x2x3=2x3x2 (3x2) x3 =(3x3)x2 discussiong the parenthesis.

Identity Property of 1 3x1 =3

Identity Property of zero: Any number multiplied by zero is zero because zero groups of a given number represents zero.

One said: " You can't multiply something by zero and expect to get something! There's just nothing there!"

This whole lesson helps support Math Practice 3 as we looked for opinions and decided what was important. Review for test is a video clip showing the wrap up and affirmation that they understand the value of working together and that they are understanding what standards need to be mastered.

#### Resources

*expand content*

##### Similar Lessons

Environment: Urban

###### Farmer John and Farmer Fred Day 2 of 2

*Favorites(0)*

*Resources(16)*

Environment: Suburban

Environment: Suburban

- UNIT 1: Place Value and Multi-Digit Addition & Subtraction
- UNIT 2: Metric Measurement
- UNIT 3: Graphing and Data
- UNIT 4: Concepts of Multiplication
- UNIT 5: Geometry
- UNIT 6: Fractions 1: Understanding Equivalence in Fractions and Decimals
- UNIT 7: Fractions 2: Addition and Subtraction Concepts/ Mini unit
- UNIT 8: Fractions 3 Mini Unit: Multiplying Fractions by Whole Numbers
- UNIT 9: Division Unit
- UNIT 10: Addition and Subtraction: Algorithms to One Million
- UNIT 11: Place Value
- UNIT 12: Addition and Subtraction Word Problems
- UNIT 13: Multiplication Unit

- LESSON 1: Introduction: Discovering an array
- LESSON 2: How To Easily Find All Those Factor Pairs
- LESSON 3: Factor Pairs, Arrays, Patterns and Fun! Building factor pairs to 50
- LESSON 4: Using a Factor Pair Calculator to Check Factor Pairs from 51-100
- LESSON 5: Circle and Stars: Grouping Compared to Arrays
- LESSON 6: What's My Rule? : An introduction to function tables.
- LESSON 7: Prime, Composite and Square Numbers
- LESSON 8: Assessment: Quiz 1 Groupings, Arrays, & Factor Pairs Quiz
- LESSON 9: A Quick Quiz: Writing about an Array
- LESSON 10: Order of Operations: Solving Simple Equations Using PEMDAS
- LESSON 11: A Student Driven Review for the Test on Multiplication Concepts
- LESSON 12: Testing Multiplication Concepts