Reflection: Backwards Planning Using a Table of Contents - Section 2: Teacher Introduction and Guided Practice


When I thought about designing this lesson I thought to myself, "What do I want my students to be able to do as a result of this lesson?" Even though I teach first grade, I have taught classes to help other grade levels get ready for the standardized tests.  What stood out for me on these test prep packets was the superficial questions that were asked, such as "What page does Chapter 4 start on?  What chapter talks about when George Washington was young?"  I'm not saying that students don't need to be able to answer questions like these.  This is how I started the lesson with the Smartboard activities. 

However, I did want to take this activity one step farther.  I always talk to my students about going to college.  I want them to believe that they can have that opportunity if they wish.  So I wanted to make sure my students were practicing a real life application for using a Table of Contents.  I told my students, "You might have 5 classes at a time in college and your books are going to be really thick.  You won't have time to flip your book page by page and look for information.  You are not going to read the whole book looking for your answer.  You will need to use your Table of Contents to find the information you need quickly."

Using a Table of Contents as a tool to find information quickly was the skill I wanted my students to have after the lesson.  That's why I designed the assignment the way I did.  They are going to use the Table of Contents in the exact same way as they get older.  I believe that is what the authors of the Common Core Standards had in mind when they wrote RI1.5 as well.

  Designing the Lesson With Purpose
  Backwards Planning: Designing the Lesson With Purpose
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Using a Table of Contents

Unit 15: Nonfiction Text Features
Lesson 1 of 9

Objective: SWBAT use a table of contents as a tool in order to answer some comprehension questions about their text.

Big Idea: What do you mean I have to use the Table of Contents in order to answer some questions?

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English / Language Arts, table of contents, Nonfiction Text Features
  49 minutes
table of contents 1
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