An Introduction to the SAMR Model
Lesson 2 of 3
Objective: Teachers WBAT become familiar with the SAMR Model in order to evaluate the available technology which has the potential to improve student learning by advancing the effectiveness of your daily instruction.
Educators are so busy trying to meet our students' needs and complete our daily expectations that we seem to run out of time to allow ourselves the opportunity to grow through professional development conferences. In an effort to provide teachers with quick opportunities to recharge our batteries and focus on making ourselves more effective, I have created a series of three teacher-centered lessons that cut straight to the point and provide you cutting-edge professional development content:
Lesson #1: Next Generation Science Standards: As Easy as 1,2,3 - NGSS are the new science standards being used throughout the United States that focus on the disciplinary core ideas, science and engineering practices, and the cross cutting concepts that interwoven throughout k-12 science curriculum.
Lesson #2: Blended Learning - the strategy of infusing technology into your classroom, your existing curriculum, and beyond.
Lesson #3: The SAMR Model - developed by Dr. Puentedura guides teachers through the integration of technology into their curriculum by enhancing current content all the way to transforming how you teach and how your students learn:
All three of these teacher-centered lessons were born out of professional development conference sessions that I have presented, but wanted to offer a "quick" tutorial for those of us that do not have the time or resources to attend a conference.
This video clip introduces the SAMR Model as it relates to classroom teachers and our efforts to implement technology to enhance our instruction and improve student learning.
The Birth of the SAMR Model
The SAMR Model is a new strategy to assist teachers in evaluating technological resources that can be incorporated into daily classroom instruction. The Introduction to The SAMR Model Presentation is designed to introduce educators to the SAMR Model and incorporate the practice of analyzing available educational technology resources to determine their value in improving student learning. The SAMR Introduction Participant Handout is designed for teachers to reflect on the introductory presentation in an effort to begin using the SAMR Model on a regular basis when critiquing instructional practices involving classroom technological resources.
The SAMR Model stands for:
- S - Substitution: Computer technology is used to perform the same task as was done before the use of computers.
- A - Augmentation: Computer Technology offers an effective tool to perform common tasks.
- M - Modification:This is the first step over the line between enhancing the traditional goings-on of the classroom and transforming the classroom. Common classroom tasks are being accomplished through the use of computer technology.
- R - Redefinition: Computer technology allows for new tasks that were previously inconceivable.
The video clip introduces and explains the four levels of the SAMR Model developed by Dr. Ruben Puentedura:
The image from Ed Tech Voice enables us to visualize the four levels of the SAMR Model:
A link to Dr. Ruben Puentedura's blog. Very useful and shows the evolution and implementation of the SAMR model.
As classroom teachers we are bombarded with potential technologies that sales people are promising will revolutionize our classrooms and improve student test scores. Classroom teachers are pretty good at assessing the claims and looking for evidence to validate the latest and greatest gadget that are being sold to our schools or advertised on the internet, but there are many times that we need a second set of eyes or a more precise evaluation criteria that can guide us through the numerous sales pitches that are received on a daily basis.
The SAMR Model is a strategy to guide teachers through the thought process of how each of these new technologies can change our current instructional practices. As each new gadget is introduced or advertised, teachers need to visualize how that tech tool will be implemented into the daily instructional practices to improve student learning because no matter how revolutionary a new device seems if it is not geared toward student learning then it is useless!
Teachers need to brainstorm if the new technology will be a:
- Substitute - What will I gain by replacing the task with this new technology?
- Example: Students use a web browser on their iPads to read about the history of the cell theory.
- Augmentation - Does this technology add new features to improve the task?
- Example - Students take a quiz about the structure and function of DNA as it relates to protein synthesis using a Google Form on their iPad,. The software helps the teacher check and analyze results efficiently and provide faster feedback.
- Modification - Does this task significantly change with use of this new technology?
- Example - Students read a scientific article of their choice and work together to create a movie trailers on their iPads. The trailers contain music, video clips and student voice-overs and are shown in a class film festival.
- Redefinition - Does this technology allow for the creation of a new task that was previously inconceivable?
- Example - Students use an iPad to take photographs of the various types of leaves they find throughout the grounds of the school. They launch the Explain Everything app to record themselves teaching others how to the size, shape, and structure of the leaf will influence the rate of rate of photosynthesis. This is shared with the teacher and all videos are reviewed to create a bank of examples for future instruction, accessible to all students.
Strive to Go Deeper - As teachers go through this self-reflection it is important to strive to utilize new technologies in the modification and redefinition levels as we progress from enhancement to transformation of our curriculum. The two highest levels of the SAMR Model increase rigor and inquiry to empower students through revolutionary activities that will engage students and improve student learning.
As educational theories change, we are still able to connect revolutionary concepts with the tried and true theories of the past. The diagram below connects Bloom's Taxonomy with the SAMR Model and the available resources that can enable students to achieve these higher levels of understanding, learning, and real-world applications.
To most effectively use the pedagogy wheel:
- Start at the middle of the wheel diagram to identify the which level of Bloom's taxonomy you are striving to reach with your lesson.
- Review the action verbs and associated activities that will meet the standard and student learning/performance expectation you are working to master.
- Progress to the outer ring that highlights potential Ipad apps that can support your objective in the lesson.
- Finally, your will move to the outermost ring that identifies which level of the SAMR Model your lesson or activity will be categorized in based on the level on Bloom's taxonomy and rigor you have designed.
Once teachers have become familiar with the SAMR Model it is time to create an action plan. Try to visualize a unit of study that you have coming up in your classroom. As you think about the daily lessons, attempt to identify specific activities that you can integrate technology into your classroom.
Where can you substitute, modify, augment, redefine your level of instruction by using available technology?
Teachers are encouraged to use the SAMR Teacher Action Plan to help organize and plan their units of study through the lens of the SAMR Model. This model will enable teachers to ask the right questions and evaluate the plethora of new technologies so they can identify ONLY the most useful programs, apps, and devices that will progress instruction to support student learning at a more rigorous, real-world level.
Eight Examples of the SAMR Model from emergingedtech.com website to demonstrate how the SAMR model can be applied to all content areas and all grade levels. Let you creative side run wild as you attempt to integrate the SAMR Model into your technology-based lesson plans! Good luck and have a great time creating engaging lessons for your students using technology to bring your curriculum to life.