Lesson: Taxation without Representation

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Lesson Objective

SWBAT to identify and explain the main complaint colonists had with the British Government ruling the Colonies.

Lesson Plan

Teacher: G. Newman
Date:  Day 1
Subject: Social Studies
Class: 4th Grade
AIMS for the class (on the board before class starts):
SWBAT to identify and explain the main complaint colonists had with the British Government ruling the Colonies.
EXIT SLIP / Assessment of FIRM MASTERY of the Aims:
1. What is the main complaint colonists had with the British Government?
____________ without _____________________
2.Why were the colonists so upset by this?
Visual Anchor:
_____________ without _______________________
HOMEWORK (usually cumulative review & on the board before css starts):
Reading & Question
1) Quick Questions / Do Now (Cumulative Review and Geared for Quick Success) 3-5 minutes
 1. What is a Colony?
2. Who is a Colonist?
3. Would you want to live in a Colony? Why?
2) Hook / Interesting Idea 30 seconds to 3 minutes
Let's play a game. I am going to give you 5 pieces of candy. Then I am going to call out the name of an item. If you have that item, you are to give me some of your candy. I will tell you how much. If you run out of candy before the game is over, you can no longer play. Ready? Here we go. Are you wearing shoes? If you are, give me two pieces of your candy. Do you have two eyes in your head? If so, give me three pieces of candy. Do you have brown hair? Give me three pieces of your candy. Do you wear glasses? Give me two pieces of your candy. If you have any candy left, you may eat it.
 Some of you have lots of candy left. Some of you have none. Was that a fair game? What you just did was pay taxes. I took candy away from you if you had something I wanted to tax. Your parents pay taxes every year for services the government gives them. You pay a small tax every time you go to the store to buy something. When the first people settled in our country, they had to pay taxes to the king back in England.
3) Students go over the AIMS and AGENDA for the class (on the board) 30 seconds to 1 minute
4) Mini-Lesson / Modeling (“I†or “I/Weâ€) 5-15 minutes
Stop N Jot: reactions to ‘being taxed’.
“What you just experienced was taxation without representation. In other words, I was taxing you, but I alone was making the decision on what to tax and who to tax. You had nobody representing you, to help make decisions on YOUR behalf. So in this case, I am the ruling British government and you are the colonists. I make all the decisions without your input, but you have to deal with the consequences. That is Taxation without Representation. It was the #1 problem the colonists had with the British Government that was ruling them.â€
5) Guided Practice (“Weâ€) 5-20 minutes
Choral repeat: Taxation without _________________. X3
6) Way to Check for Understanding before Independent Practice 1-3 minutes (proceed only if class masters)
CFU: have Ss explain taxation without representation to a partner. 1Scholar share out to entire class.
7) Independent (or pair / small group) Practice (“Youâ€):
15-25 minutes
Read the passage on the Stamp and Sugar Acts. Find examples of Taxation without Representation
Extension: How would “taxation without representation†make you feel if you were a colonist? What would you do?
AF Bushwick Elementary School                                      Name: __________________________
Class: ______________________                               Grade 4 Unit 3 Lesson 1
Quick Questions!
1. What is a colony? ____________________________________________________________
2. What is a colonist? ____________________________________________________________
3. Would you want to live in a colony? Why or Why not? __________________________
Word Up!
Tax: to be charged (money) by an authority figure.
Stop ‘n Jot!
How do you feel now that you have experienced being taxed? What emotions do you have? What do you want to do now?
SWBAT to identify the main complaint
Colonists had with the British Government ruling the Colonies.
The colonists # 1 problem with the British……..
Taxation without Representation!
To be taxed for something, without being represented, without participating in making the important decisions.
Brain Power!
The Colonists # 1 complaint:
Pay       WITHOUT A                 
Fill in the Colonists # 1 complaint:
                   __________________________ without _______________________________
                   __________________________ without _______________________________
                   __________________________ without _______________________________
Read & Explore!
Read the passage below about taxes forced upon the Colonies by King George of Great Britain. Circle any examples of the colonist’s main complaint: “Taxation without Representationâ€.
The Sugar and Stamp Acts
    The French and Indian War had ended in 1763. England had spent a lot of money on the war. They had fought the war to protect the American colonists. England decided that the colonists should help pay the debts.

      The Sugar Act was passed on April 5, 1764. England told the colonists it was a way to help control trade. The Sugar Act taxed things like cloth and certain wines. It also put a three pence tax on molasses. This was about three cents. The act said rum and French wine could not be imported to the colonies.

     The British Navy began to sail along the coast. They wanted to catch smugglers. British officers could take goods from the smugglers without going to court. The smuggler was then tried in a British court. A British court only had a judge. It did not have a jury. The judge also received money if the smuggler was found guilty. The colonists did not think this was fair. This meant the judge would vote people guilty in order to get more money.

    Colonists complained about this tax, but they went along with it. It wasn't until the Stamp Act that the colonists began to fight back. The Stamp Act was passed in March 1765. It was the first time England taxed the colonists to raise money. The Sugar Act also raised money, but that's not what the colonists were told. The Stamp Act taxed newspapers, pamphlets, and almost all printed material. The papers would have to have a government stamp on them. This would show that the tax had been paid.

     This tax touched almost all Americans. It affected powerful people in the colonies like printers and lawyers. People reacted strongly. In October 1765, a Stamp Act Congress was held. People from nine colonies came. They discussed ways to protest the new tax. They wrote letters to the king and Parliament. The letters said that the colonies could not be taxed. The colonies did not have anyone to represent their ideas in Parliament. This argument became known as "no taxation without representation."
The phrase "no taxation without representation" became very popular. The idea was simple. American colonists did not have representatives in Parliament. There was no one who could stand up for the colonists' ideas. This was not fair. If England wanted to tax the colonists, the colonists should be able to state their opinion in Parliament.

Stop ‘n Jot
Why were the colonists upset? __________________________________________________
Share Out!
How would you feel if you were a colonist paying taxes without representation?
Exit Slip                                                               Name: __________________________
1. What is the main complaint colonists had with the British Government?
____________________________ without _________________________________
2. Why were the colonists so upset and angered by this?
Homework                                            Name: __________________
Read the article below and answer the questions that follow in complete sentences.
The Colonists Protest

    The colonists were angry over the new taxes. They formed groups of people to protest the new taxes. There were two groups. The men called themselves the Sons of Liberty. Women were called the Daughters of Liberty.
      The Sons of Liberty in Boston were very active. They were very angry over the Stamp Act. The Sons of Liberty visited many of the people who were supposed to sell the stamps. They said that they would burn their houses down if they sold the stamps.
    There were many famous men who were members of this group. Paul Revere, Samuel Adams, John Adams, John Hancock, Patrick Henry, and many others were members of the Sons of Liberty.
 The Sons of Liberty also did fake hangings. They would make straw figures. The figures looked like British officials. They would pretend to hang the figures. This showed what would happen if the British officials tried to collect the taxes.
     Other groups did what the group in Boston did. In New Jersey, a mob attacked the governor's house. He was not home at the time. The mob went into the home and threatened his wife. She refused to leave and saved their home.
     The Sons of Liberty used other ways to protest the new taxes. They would visit merchants. They would tell them they should not sell British goods. The Sons of Liberty would also threaten people. They would tell people not to buy British goods.
     The Sons of Liberty were part of the Boston Tea Party. They dressed up as Native Americans. They went to the Boston harbor. The colonists dumped a load of tea into the water. Many colonists were happy with this. Others were very upset.
     The Daughters of Liberty were not as violent. They would parade around towns. They also organized a boycott of British cloth. They didn't want any women in the colonies to buy it. The Daughters of Liberty wanted women to raise their own sheep. Then they could make their own cloth. No one would need to buy cloth from Britain.
     The boycott of British cloth worked because of these women. Women would work from sunup to sundown to make cloth. It was needed to take the place of the cloth that was not bought from Britain. They also worked hard to think of new drinks so colonists did not have to buy tea.
     The women helped poor colonists. Women would meet together in groups. They would spin material made from wool. The women would give it to poor families. The poor families did not have sheep. They could not make their own cloth.
     The Sons and Daughters of Liberty were very important. They helped colonists boycott British goods. The men were more violent than the women. What they did would help push England and the colonists to war.
1. Would you protest because of the new taxes? Why or Why not?_______________
2. What would you do to protest? _______________________________________________

Lesson Resources

G4 Unit3 AmericanRevolution Day1 TaxationWith   Other


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