Lesson: World War II Pacific Theater

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Lesson Objective

By the end of the lesson, SWBAT describe the major battles of the Pacific theater during World War II.

Lesson Plan

 

KEY POINTS.

 

·       In the Pacific theater, Japan controlled much of East Asia and many islands in the South Pacific.

·       The Allied Powers had to go from island to island fighting the Japanese

·       Island hopping and fighting against the Japanese was not easy because the Japanese people worshipped their leader, Emperor Hirohito, and they were willing to die for him so many became Kamikazes.

·       General Douglas MacArthur was the Supreme Commander of the Southwest Pacific.

·       The Allied Powers were winning, but Hirohito would not surrender.

·       Essential Questions: What were the major battles in the Asian theater during World War II?

·       Vocabulary: Hirohito, Iwo Jima, Battle of Midway, Roosevelt, Kamikaze, Douglas MacArthur, island hopping

ASSESSMENT.

At the end of the lesson, Ss will complete turn in a postcard that they created which will describe what a soldier would see, feel, and experience fighting in the Pacific Theater during World War II.

1. OPENING (5 min.)  

Teacher:

·       T will begin the lesson with the following starter: “Think back to the Civil War, Spanish-American War, and World War I, how did the geography of the wars change how the wars are fought?”

·       T will the Ss first share their responses with their classmates.

·       T will have the Ss share their responses with the class.

·       T will explain that today we are going to learn about the Pacific theater of World War II and the Allied fight against Japan.

·       T will review the objective for the day.

Students:

·       Ss will share their starter.

·       Ss will internalize the objective for the day.

2. INTRODUCTION OF NEW MATERIAL (30 min.)

Teacher:

·       T will begin the lesson with a brief PowerPoint on the Pacific theater of World War II (Power Point/Key Note – Lesson 14 – World War II Pacific Theater – Great Depression and World War II Unit)

·       T will have the Ss take notes on a graphic organizer on the following key points (Graphic Organizer – Lesson 14 – World War II Pacific Theater – Great Depression and World War II Unit):

·       In the Pacific theater, Japan controlled much of East Asia and many islands in the South Pacific.

·The Allied Powers had to go from island to island fighting the Japanese.

·Island hopping and fighting against the Japanese was not easy because the Japanese people worshipped their leader, Emperor Hirohito, and they were willing to die for him - so many became Kamikazes.

·General Douglas MacArthur was the Supreme Commander of the Southwest Pacific.

·The Allied Powers were winning, but Hirohito would not surrender.

·       T will ask in depth questions about the subject including: How would the terrain make warfare harder and deadlier for the troops? How did the Japanese style of fighting make the war very deadly?

·       T will have the Ss discuss these questions with partners and then with the class.

Students:

·       Ss will fill out their graphic organizers.

·       Ss will answer questions.

·       Ss will be cooperative during the brief PowerPoint

3. GUIDED PRACTICE (15 min.)

Teacher:

·       T will then have the Ss read a postcard (on the second page of the graphic organizer) sent from a troop that was fighting in the South Pacific during World War II Graphic Organizer – Lesson 14 – World War II Pacific Theater – Great Depression and World War II Unit.

·       T will have the Ss read with a partner so they can work on various reading strategies.

·       T will monitor the room, stopping to ask the Ss if I can help clarify.

·       T will be sure to focus his attention on Ss who need remediation – guiding them through the reading (differentiation/remediation).

·       T will point out various themes in the postcard that correlate with the lesson.

Students:

·       Ss will read through the postcards – internalizing the themes byway of reading strategies.

4. INDEPENDENT PRACTICE (25 min.)

Teacher:

·       T will introduce an activity that involves them making a postcard pretending that they are a soldier fighting in the war (Postcard Activity – Lesson 14 – World War II Pacific Theater – Great Depression and World War II Unit).

·       T will have the Ss look at the rubric to see how they will be graded.

·       T will tell the Ss that the postcard must have a lot of detail and be extremely descriptive including: sights, sounds, feelings, wishes, hopes, and a description of a battle that he/she fought in in the Pacific

·       T will help those Ss that are not as skilled in writing and who need extra help with this particular topic (remediation).

·       T will encourage the higher-level students to go beyond the obvious feelings of being scared and really think about the mental exhaustion, etc.

Students:

·       Ss will complete their postcards quietly

5. CLOSING (5 min.)

Teacher:

·       T will have the Ss read a couple of their postcards

·       T will collect the Postcards

·       T will review the main points

·       T will preview the class: Ss will learn about the European theater of war.

·       T will ask the Ss if they have any final questions.

·       T will remind the Ss of their homework – project on the World War II leaders.

Student:

·       Students will answer questions.

·       Students will ask any last minute questions.

·       Students will pay attention to topic of next lesson.

 

HOMEWORK (if appropriate).

Project on the leaders of World War II

Teacher's Reflection:

Besides trying to illustrate the moments of the various battles that occurred in the Pacific Theater during World War II, I tried to spend a lot of time emphasizing how the geography of Asia created challenges for the U.S. and the Allied forces. That is why, in the PowerPoint I have multiple slides that have the map of the region. Each time the map is shown I kept telling my students that the battles occurred on these small islands, and that each time the U.S. went from island to island, they encountered stiff resistance and a lot danger.  

Lesson Resources

PowerPoint - Lesson 14 - World War II Pacific Theater - Great Depression and World War II Unit   Smart Board
1,341
Key Note - Lesson 14 - World War II Pacific Theater - Great Depression and World War II Unit   Notes
363
Lesson Plan - Lesson 14 - World War II Pacific Theater - Great Depression and World War II Unit   Lesson Plan
766
Graphic Organizer - Lesson 14 - World War II Pacific Theater - Great Depression and World War II Unit   Notes
1,011
Postcard Activity - Lesson 14 - World War II Pacific Theater - Great Depression and World War II Unit   Activity
751
Postcard Activity (Mac) - Lesson 14 - World War II Pacific Theater - Great Depression and World War II Unit   Activity
381

Comments

Randy Friedland Posted 3 years ago:
Collin, I just looked at the PhotoCard app. It looks amazing, and it would definitely enhance the lesson. Thanks for the suggestion!
collin minshull Posted 3 years ago:
This is a great lesson! I just downloaded a free iPad/iPhone app called PhotoCard where you can create electronic postcards (front and back) that can then be e-mailed. This could be an option for students who have access to an i-device.

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