Lesson: The Ant and the Elephant - Bill Peet: Problem/Solution, Character Traits

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Lesson Objective

Students will be able to identify the problem(s) in a fiction story and state the solution to the problem(s). Students will be able to identify character traits for characters in a fiction text.

Lesson Plan

Objective:

Students will be able to identify the problem(s) in a fiction story and state the solution to the problem(s).

Students will be able to identify character traits for characters in a fiction text.

 

Lesson Plan:

 

DO NOW: If you were in trouble, how would you feel if you asked for help and got none?  Has this ever happened to you?  Explain.

 

Opening:  In every story that we will ever read, there is always going to be a problem.  This is what is the driver for the whole story.  This problem is the reason for the story existing!  We are going to be exploring the problem and the solution during our lesson today.  We are also going to take a look at character traits and how they influence the story.  The way characters act have a crucial role in what path the story takes. 

 

Today, we are going to be reading Bill Peet’s “The Ant and the Elephant.”  Within the pages of this wonderfully illustrate book, we are going to look at the problem, the solution to the problem, and how characters influence the story.

 

Direct Instruction (I DO):

When talking about problems we have to look at the type of conflict that the problem is causing.  There are 4 different types of conflict we are able to identify in fiction stories: (make an anchor chart to display within the classroom (see attached file):

1. Character vs. Self – occurs when a character develops an internal struggle between his thoughts and ideas. This can be the result of the other conflicts mentioned. 

2. Character vs. Character – characters within a story has some sort of conflict with each other.

3. Character vs. Society – occurs when a character disagrees with societal values, laws, or beliefs.

4. Character vs. Nature – occurs when a character has a problem with outside forces: weather, animals, land, etc.

 Start reading “The Ant and the Elephant” and model finding the problem/conflicts within the story.

There are a lot of problems/conflicts that arise within the story that involve a whole bunch of characters:

Stop at these point and think out loud about the type of conflict that arises.

Make sure to point out that even though the characters are animals, not all the conflicts are going to be character vs. nature.

Record these problems on chart paper (see attached file)

 

Explain that there are a lot of problems/conflicts within the story.  Do you think we are going to find the solution to the problem really quickly? 

NO!

Usually in stories the solution comes at the end of the story.  Explain that as we continue to read, we will want to identify the solutions to the problems.

 

Character traits are also an influence in this story:

Who are some of the characters and how do their traits influence the story?

Think aloud about this question for you students.

Provide students with a list of character traits to help them identify the traits the characters are exhibiting in the story.  (see attached file)

 

 

Guided Practice (WE DO):

 

Continue reading the story with the class, allowing your students to read aloud to the class.

 

Pass out the problem/conflict/solution sheet and continue filling it out.

 

Allow students to discuss and participate in identifying the problems and types of conflict within the story.

 

Facilitate a discussion about how the characters and their traits are influencing the story:

·         Are the characters positive or negative?

·         How does this influence the story?

·         What would happen in the story if the characters were different?

·         Why do you think the characters were so negative even after being helped by the elephant?

·         Why do the ants help the elephant at the end?

 

Toward the end, start discussing the possible solutions to the problems in the story.  Record these on the sheet.

Independent Practice (YOU DO):

Have students get out their own independent reading books.

Students should be looking for problems, the type of conflict the problem causes (with evidence) and the character traits that influence the story.

Closing: 

Class should come together and discuss what they found in their own books.

Lesson Resources

Lesson 85 Problem Conflict Solution   Classwork
414
Lesson 85 Common Char Traits 1   Notes
252
Lesson 85   Lesson Plan
228
Lesson 85 Conflicts within Fiction Stories   Notes
215
The Ant and the Elephant
1688

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