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Lesson Objective

SWBAT define predator and list adaptations that make them successful. SWBAT define prey and list adaptations that make them successful.

Lesson Plan

-- planned for two 55-minute classes --

DAY 1

Do Now

1.    (5 minutes) Complete Do Now

2.    (5 minutes) Review Do Now.

 

Predator-Prey Basics

1.     (3 minutes) Discuss terms predator and prey. On their CW, students will write the definition of predator-prey  as “a relationship between two different species where one hunts the other for food”

2.    (4 minutes) On CW, students will take notes on the adaptations of prey animals.

  • Eyes on the side of the head to watch for danger

  • Camouflage to blend in with the landscape

  • Sharp eye sight or smell to watch for danger

  • Travel in groups to increase security

3.    (2-3 minutes) Turn and talk.  Students will predict with their partners, what the adaptations of predators are based on what they have just learned about prey.

4.    (4 minutes) On CW, students will take notes on the adaptations of predators.

  • Eyes in the front to chase down food

  • Camouflage to blend in with landscape

  • Sharp eyes or smell to watch for danger

  • Talons, claws and sharp teeth to kill food

5.    (4 minutes) On their CW, have students observe 7 animal photos and identify each animal as a predator or prey.

6.    (6 minutes) Students will determine if a lion, water buffalo, and crocodile are predators or prey based on photos provided in the CW and on their own knowledge.  Students will describe the adaptations of each animal.

7.    (3-5 minutes) Whole class review of predator/prey adaptations of crocodile, lion, and water buffalo.

 

Battle At Kruger

8.    (45) Begin watching “National Geographic” segments detailing interactions between crocodiles, lions, and water buffalo.   Should be able to see first 15-20 minutes.  http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=8348773232150495404#

 

3.    (2 minutes) Preview Homework

 

 

DAY 2

Do Now

1.    (5 minutes) Complete/collect Do Now

 

 Battle At Kruger

2.    (5-7 minutes) Review what we learned in yesterday’s video on predator-prey interactions and connect to earlier material.
à What are the three species in the video?
à What biome do they live in?
à

3.    (25-30 minutes) Continue watching Battle at Kruger.

 

Battle at Kruger Reflection

4.     <<PD: Independent Practice>>. Working individually, students will begin to answer the following questions based on the video.

1.     Which adaptation(s) are the lions using when the buffalo are approaching?

2.     Which sense allows the water buffalo to sense danger?

3.     What adaptation(s) are the crocodiles using when they attack the baby water buffalo?

4.     ____Why do animals such as elephants and water buffalo visit water holes?

A. For shelter                                              C. For water
B. For food                                                 D. For oxygen

5.     ____Why do animals such as lions visit water holes?

A. For shelter                                              C. For water
B. For food                                                 D. For oxygen

6.     Why do the elephants and water buffalo continue to go to the water hole instead of going somewhere else?

7.     What adaptation(s) are the buffalo using when they return to the baby buffalo?

Journal Observations:  Imagine you are a scientist and observed this encounter.  Using scientific language about animals, predator, and prey, write a description of what happened at the watering hole.  Include all major events.

 

5.    (2 minutes) Preview Homework

 

Lesson Resources

Battle At Kruger Video (45 minutes)
2239
L14 DN Animals  
564
L13 HW Predator Prey My Side  
684
L13 DN Spiral  
310

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