Lesson: Lesson 4: Citizen Responsibilities
· Doing your civic and citizen responsibilities are necessary for the survival of any country.
· Civic responsibilities include voting, obeying laws, paying taxes, serving as a witness, and registering for the draft.
· Civic responsibilities can be done at any age by helping your community.
Essential Questions: As an American, why is it important to do your civic responsibilities?
What is the difference between a right and a responsibility?
Vocabulary: Responsibilities, Rights, Civic Duty, Constitution, Government, Community, Society
Assessment: During the independent practice, students will be asked to write about the following prompt: “Imagine a world without citizen responsibilities. What would that be like? Would the government be able to work, would people be able to get services given by the government? Why or why not?” Ss will also complete a public service poster.
Opening (10 minutes):
· Teacher will put the following starter on the board: “With your group, list different ways that you help out in the classroom and in school. “
· Teacher will ask a reporter from each group to relay their group’s answers.
· T will make a list of the things that Ss do for their school
· The teacher will explain the objectives and purpose of the day’s lesson: “By the end of the lesson, SWBAT list at least two civic duties, By the end of the lesson, SWBAT explain why it is important to do your civic duties.”
· Students will sit down at their appropriate seats
· Students will work through the starter with their groups.
· Students will share their by having a reporter tell the class what their group talked about
Introduction of New Material (20 minutes):
· T will begin the Introduction of New Material by asking Ss if they remember what kind of rights the government guarantees its citizens.
· T will listen for responses
· T will say that because the government guarantees all of these rights to its citizens, the government also needs help from its citizens for it to work.
· T will then turn on a PowerPoint entitled – “Citizen Responsibilities”
· T will explain in each slide a different Civic Responsibility and why that responsibility is important for the survival of the United States. For instance, for the voting responsibility, T will explain that in the U.S. the citizens elect their own leaders. If people do not vote, there will be no one in Congress to help make sure that laws are passed to keep people safe, healthy, and happy.
· T will also stress that some citizen responsibilities are voluntary – like voting, volunteering, while others are mandatory – paying taxes, obeying laws, serving as a witness, and registering for the draft.
· T will stop after each citizen responsibility and ask the students to describe each responsibility in their own words.
· T will ask Ss to take notes on a graphic organizer
· Students will pay attention to the PowerPoint
· Students will answer the questions that are presented on the PowerPoint.
· Students will reword the citizen responsibilities in their own words as a group.
· Students will take notes on a graphic organizer.
Guided Practice (20 minutes):
· T will then give the groups each a piece paper with a different citizen responsibility
· T will ask that the Ss to work in a group and answer the following questions: “Is your responsibility mandatory, or voluntary? “Why is it important to do or participate in your citizen responsibility?” “What would America look like if people did not participate in this Citizen Responsibility?”
· T will ask the groups to work cooperatively while the recorder writes down the information
· T will then ask each group to present their citizen responsibility and answer the questions.
· T will record and post each groups answers on a piece of chart paper.
· Students will think critically about why their particular responsibility is important
· Students will work cooperatively as a group
· Students will listen as other groups present their information
Independent Practice (35 minutes):
· T will then flip to the final slide of the PowerPoint that displays their activity for the day: public service posters.
· T will ask the Ss to come up with a poster about what they believe is one of the most important citizen responsibilities.
· T will then explain that the poster should persuade others to do that particular thing.
· T will tell the Ss that the posters will be put up around school to encourage others to do good deeds.
· T will also introduce the writing prompt as an activity for the Ss to do after they complete their posters.
· T will tell the Ss that they are going to be doing a writing prompt: “Imagine a world without citizen responsibilities, what would the world look like, how would people act?”
· T will go over the expectations of the class during writing time – students should remain quiet, students most work their hardest, students must write neatly, and students must follow grammar rules.
· T will monitor the Ss as they complete their writing prompt
· T will answer any questions that arise about the assignment – particularly assisting those students who have shown signs of not understanding the content.
· Ss will work hard on their public service posters.
· Ss will do their writing prompt respectfully, quietly, and diligently.
· Ss will ask questions if they have problems.
Closing (5 minutes):
· T will have Ss share out their posters and writings.
· As a closing, T will ask the Ss to list the five main citizen responsibilities
· T will also complete the lesson by telling the students that they are going to have a test next class on Citizen Responsibilities and the Bill of Rights.
· T will hand out a study guide.
· T will ask the Ss if they have any questions.
· T will review the objectives for the day.
· T will remind students of their project that is due soon as well.
· Students will reiterate the five main citizen responsibilities.
· Students will listen to the closure and ask final questions about the test.
Homework: Study for test
Materials: LCD, Graphic Organizer, Writing Prompt Sheet, Public Service Poster
I found that to make this lesson really effective, it was important at the start of the lesson to really have a good conversation about some of the responsibilities that they have as students: do their homework, clean their rooms, etc. This opened up the door for a wider conversation about citizen responsibilities and why they are needed in society.
In addition, the public service posters are really fun because the students had a great time being creative and daydreaming about putting their work in the hallway. They also liked the fact that it was very open ended and allowed them to decide what to draw and/or write about. I was surprised how creative and persuasive many of the posters turned out.