Lesson: Lesson 2 - Freedmen's Bureau
· The Freedmen’s Bureau was a way to try to help the newly freed slaves and poor whites get food, clothing, medical care, and legal advice in the South.
· The Freedmen’s Bureau was a major part of the Reconstruction in the South.
· The U.S. government used to force to try to make the South give the former slaves rights.
Essential Question: Why was the Freedmen’s Bureau necessary for the Reconstruction of the South and newly freed slaves?
Vocabulary: Freedmen’s Bureau, Reconstruction, Medicine, Food, Shelter, Legal
Assessment: During the Independent Practice, Ss will be making advertisements for the Freedmen’s Bureau. T will inspect those advertisements to make sure that the Ss mastered both objectives for the day.
Opening (10 minutes):
· At the start of the lesson T will put the following starter on the board: “If you are a newly freed slave, what things would you need?”
· T will have the Ss work in small groups to make a list of the things that the slaves would need.
· T will monitor the groups to make sure that the Ss are on track and engaged.
· T will ask the reporters of the groups to share out their answers.
· T will let each group report.
· T will go over the objective for the day then tell the Ss that they are going to be learning about the government’s efforts to help rebuild the South and give the former slaves a good life.
· Ss will read their lists
· Ss will ask questions about the objectives
Introduction of New Material (25 minutes):
· T will show a brief PowerPoint on Reconstruction and specifically the Freedmen’s Bureau. (Technology)
· T will concentrate on the fact that the Freedmen’s Bureau was an organization set up by President Andrew Johnson as a way to help the former slaves get on their feet and start a life of freedom.
· T will emphasize that the Freedmen’s Bureau was designed to provide food, clothing, medical care, and legal advice to poor black and white people. It set up hospitals and schools and found jobs for many.
· T will have the Ss fill in a graphic organizer throughout the PowerPoint.
· Ss will listen to the PowerPoint presentation
· Ss will fill out the graphic organizer
· Ss will ask and answer questions pertinent to the presentation.
Guided Practice (20 minutes):
· T will then show a short video clip about Reconstruction and the Freedmen’s Bureau
· T will take note that although the clip is intended for an older audience, the information in the clip is nonetheless informative
· T will also stop the clip many times to check for understanding
· T will guide the Ss to p. 198 in their text books (Houghton Mifflin 5th Grade Georgia Social Studies Books – if you do not have these particular books, your own textbook or an encyclopedia article will also be useful).
· T will have the Ss do popcorn reading for pages 198 – 199.
· T will stop frequently to ask questions to informally assess Ss understanding of Reconstruction and the Freedmen’s Bureau.
· T will have the Ss observe the picture at the bottom of p. 198 and talk with their partners about what the mural represents.
· T will have the groups share out their responses.
· Ss will popcorn read p. 198 – 199 in their text books
· Ss will answer questions related to the main idea of the passages.
· Ss will talk with their groups about the mural on p. 198 – 199.
Independent Practice (30 minutes):
· T will explain to the Ss that they are now going to pretend that they are living in 1867 and working for the Freedmen’s bureau with the task of advertising these services to poor people in the South.
· T will tell the Ss that they need to come up with a creative way to show all of the different ways that the Freedmen’s bureau can help freed slaves and poor white people in the South.
· T will hold up a model of an advertisement so the Ss understand what is expected from them.
· T will emphasize with the Ss that it is important to remember who you are trying to pitch this advertisement too – they have to make sure there is plenty of artwork that makes sense because former slaves (most of them) did not know how to read.
· T will leave the assignment open-ended to allow for differentiation
· T will go over the expectations of the assignment.
· T will allow the Ss to gather materials.
· T will monitor the room and make sure that Ss are paying attention
· T will have those Ss that are struggling with the lesson on the computers re-listening to the chapter on Reconstruction. (Remedial)
· T will tell the early finishers complete p. 204 in their Social Studies book at the Ss Center. (Early finishers/Enrichment)
· Ss will listen to the expectations for the advertisement.
· Ss will complete the advertisements quietly.
Closing (10 minutes):
· As a closing, T will show off some of the great work.
· T will also recap the objective and informally assess whether or not the Ss mastered the objective through a quick exit ticket.
· T will tell the Ss that next lesson the Ss will look into whether or not Reconstruction worked, and why or why not.
· T will also go over the Freedmen’s Bureau project that will be due in two weeks.
· Students will listen to the T talk about the next lesson.
· Ss will ask any last minute questions.
· Ss will write down their homework assignment.
Homework: Freedmen’s Bureau Project
Materials: LCD, Graphic Organizer, Freedmen’s Bureau Advertisement Template, Movie Clip, Markers
Teaching in the South, and particularly in Atlanta, the students that I have taught found this lesson extremely interesting because the destruction of the Civil War happened right in their back yards. Because of this, it was easy for them to get into the advertisement activity. I found it best to have the students first start their advertisements with pencil because as they start drawing and writing, new ideas pop into their heads and pretty soon they want a new sheet. In terms of the movie clip on Reconstruction, as I explained in the plan, the movie is advanced, but the images and message is great. Therefore, I found it helpful to stop ever so often and review the key points with my students.