Teacher In Action
Teacher In Action
Academic Culture


TOAST is an acronym that stands for "Time Owed After School Today." It's a very simple and non-punitive consequence that we implement for students who don't follow the rules: 1) Respect all people, property, and ideas; 2) Follow directions the first time; 3) Be prepared. I make it very clear at the beginning of the year that TOAST does not mean I'm mad at you or that you're a bad person; however, there are consequences for your actions that are not consistent with our community expectations. Paying with time and doing some community service or making a plan to change student actions have been effective ways to turn negative student behavior into a positive. 

Strategy Resources (2)
Teacher In Action
Student Handout
This is the slide from my Town Hall presentation that explains what TOAST is all about.
Teacher In Action
Student Handout
This is the slide from my Town Hall presentation that explains what TOAST is all about.
Aaron Kaswell
Middle School 88 Peter Rouget
Brooklyn, NY


About this strategy

Prep Time:
Seventh grade
Similar Strategies
Stakeholder Collaboration
School of One Collaborative Planning

Daily common planning has been an essential part of the transition from a traditional to a blended classroom. In my model, I essentially co-teach with six other teachers in the large classroom, so we have valued the daily meeting very much for the first three years. We are considering scaling back on the meetings in the future. We use this time to plan logistics, review student data and lesson study. 

Assessment & Data
Individualized Daily Exit Slip

At the end of every class, my students must take a computer-based exit slip. This is an essential part of my blended program because these exit slips tell me whether or not my students are ready to move on to the next skill. If a student gets 4/5 or 5/5, he or she can move on. If not, he or she will be assigned a different type of lesson on that skill the next day.

Instructional Closings

My colleagues and I have students write a Synopsis of their learning after every Independent Learning Zone period as well as after Live Investigations. The Synopsis acts as a reflective tool for both large and small concepts. I often tell my students to write what they actually learned or improved upon, not what they THINK I want them to write. I train my students to make a space for the Synopsis in their notebook headings. Occasionally, I will have my students read their Synopses out loud, but most often I walk around and do a quick check, as they are mostly a personal reflection for my students.

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